Socioeconomic distribution of emissions and resource use in Ireland

S. Lyons, A. Pentecost, R.S.J. Tol

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This paper aims to determine emissions polluted directly and indirectly by an average person, for each household type, across a wide range of emissions. There are five household type categories: location, income decile, household composition, size and number of disabled residents. Ireland's Sustainable Development Model (ISus) is used which allows the analysis of direct and indirect sources of pollution per household as the model is based on an input-output methodology. Four sets of results are presented: first for greenhouse gas emissions, second for air pollutants, third for persistent organic pollutants and lastly for metals. An analysis section shows how the picture changes when one controls for the size and income of households. All results analysed are for the year 2006. Most greenhouse gas and metal emissions are polluted via indirect means, although direct sources of emissions play a role for CO
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)186-198
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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