Spectral redshift in harmonic generation from plasma dynamics in the laser focus

F. Brandi, F. Giammanco, W.M.G. Ubachs

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Abstract

High-precision spectral measurements on the 9th harmonic generated in xenon gas are compared with calculations of the plasma dynamics resulting from multiphoton ionization in the laser focus. For the regime of 300 ps pulses and above-saturation intensities a novel mechanism producing redshifts in the harmonics is uncovered and explained. Ions play a double role: the nonlinear susceptibility of the ions is decisive for the harmonic intensity, while their mutual repulsion and the associated increase of the index of refraction is identified as the cause of the redshift. © 2006 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume96
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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