Specularities on surfaces with tangential hairs or grooves

Rong Lu, Jan J. Koenderink, Astrid M L Kappers

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Specularities on surfaces with tangential hairs or grooves are readily observable in nature. Examples of such phenomena are the arched or looped highlights observed on horses and human heads and the linear or curved specularities observed on parts of industrial machinery that have tangential grooves. We investigate the geometry of curvilinear specularities on surfaces of different curvature with tangential hairs or grooves of different orientations under controlled lighting and viewing conditions. First the nature of these specularities is investigated qualitatively. Then specularities on parametric surfaces and hair or groove orientations are calculated for some specific cases. Explicit calculations of specularities on some special surfaces, cylinders, cones, and spheres, are verified by photographs of the reflections. Aspects of the work are applicable to computer graphics and can be utilized for the image interpretation of surface specularities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-335
Number of pages16
JournalComputer Vision and Image Understanding
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2000


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