State of the art of cyber-physical systems security: An automatic control perspective

Yuriy Zacchia Lun, Alessandro D'Innocenzo, Francesco Smarra, Ivano Malavolta*, Maria Domenica Di Benedetto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Cyber-physical systems are integrations of computation, networking, and physical processes. Due to the tight cyber-physical coupling and to the potentially disrupting consequences of failures, security here is one of the primary concerns. Our systematic mapping study sheds light on how security is actually addressed when dealing with cyber-physical systems from an automatic control perspective. The provided map of 138 selected studies is defined empirically and is based on, for instance, application fields, various system components, related algorithms and models, attacks characteristics and defense strategies. It presents a powerful comparison framework for existing and future research on this hot topic, important for both industry and academia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-216
Number of pages43
JournalJournal of Systems and Software
Early online date7 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Cyber-physical systems
  • Security
  • Systematic mapping study


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