Step by step: a Proof of Concept Study of C-Mill Gait Adaptability Training in the Chronic Phase after Stroke

A. Heeren, M.W. van Ooijen - Kerste, A.C.H. Geurts, B.L. Day, T.W.J. Janssen, P.J. Beek, M. Roerdink, V. Weerdesteyn

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    Abstract

    Objective: To evaluate the concept of C-Mill gait adaptability training. Design: Pre- and post-intervention assessments. Subjects: Sixteen community-dwelling persons in the chronic phase after stroke (mean age 54.8 years). Methods: Participants received 10 sessions (1 h per session, for 5-6 weeks) of gait adaptability training on an instrumented treadmill augmented with visual targets and obstacles (C-Mill). Pre- and post-intervention assessments included: (i) clinical assessments of balance and gait: 10-m walking test, Timed Up-and-Go test, Berg Balance Scale, obstacle sub-task of the Emory Functional Ambulation Profile, and the Trunk Impairment Scale; (ii) physical activity level, assessed with a pedometer; (iii) success rate of accurate step adjustments towards a displacing target, assessed with an instrumented Target-Stepping Task; (iv) participant's experience with the training. Results: All clinical assessments improved significantly after training (all p < 0.05), except for the Trunk Impairment Scale (p=0.584). Physical activity increased by 19.6% (p < 0.05). Improvements in Target-Stepping Task success rates depended on the specific testing condition (time × body support × step direction, χ
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)616-622
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Medicine
    Volume45
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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