Stimulating top talent in Dutch education: The effect on outperformance-related distress

A. A.M. Zuiker, M. Ph Born, J. W. Van Strien

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Stimulating outperformance has high priority in Dutch education. Aim is to change the Dutch egalitarian culture to a more performanceoriented culture that rewards outperformance. Although privately satisfying, outperformance can also lead to interpersonal strain. Elxine and Lobel (1999) introduced the term Sensitivity about being the Target of a Threatening Upward Comparison (STTUC) to refer to this outperformance-related distress. Through a systematic review of 39 studies (37 samples) evidence was found for the STTUC-framework and characteristics of the outperformer, situation and relation were found to influence STTUC. An interesting finding in relation to Dutch educational policy is that in individualistic, performanceoriented cultures that accept inequality, outperformers experience more STTUC. Furthermore sociotropy proves to be a consistent predictor of STTUC while narcissism predicts positive emotions in response to outperformance. Findings suggest that the aimed cultural change in Dutch education can increase STTUC and can favour outperformers high in narcissism over those high in sociotropy. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Translated title of the contributionStimulating top talent in Dutch education: The effect on outperformance-related distress
LanguageDutch
Pages227-253
Number of pages27
JournalPedagogische Studien
Volume95
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

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narcissism
education
cultural change
educational policy
reward
emotion
evidence
experience

Keywords

  • Education
  • Outperformance
  • STTUC
  • Top talent

Cite this

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abstract = "Stimulating outperformance has high priority in Dutch education. Aim is to change the Dutch egalitarian culture to a more performanceoriented culture that rewards outperformance. Although privately satisfying, outperformance can also lead to interpersonal strain. Elxine and Lobel (1999) introduced the term Sensitivity about being the Target of a Threatening Upward Comparison (STTUC) to refer to this outperformance-related distress. Through a systematic review of 39 studies (37 samples) evidence was found for the STTUC-framework and characteristics of the outperformer, situation and relation were found to influence STTUC. An interesting finding in relation to Dutch educational policy is that in individualistic, performanceoriented cultures that accept inequality, outperformers experience more STTUC. Furthermore sociotropy proves to be a consistent predictor of STTUC while narcissism predicts positive emotions in response to outperformance. Findings suggest that the aimed cultural change in Dutch education can increase STTUC and can favour outperformers high in narcissism over those high in sociotropy. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.",
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Stimuleren van toptalent in het onderwijs : effect op negatieve gevoelens bij uitblinken. / Zuiker, A. A.M.; Born, M. Ph; Van Strien, J. W.

In: Pedagogische Studien, Vol. 95, No. 4, 08.2018, p. 227-253.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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