Street prostitution zones and crime

Paul Bisschop, Stephen Kastoryano, Bas van der Klaauw

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This paper studies the effects of legal street prostitution zones on registered and perceived crime. We exploit a unique setting in the Netherlands where these tippelzones were opened in nine cities under different regulation systems. Our difference-in-difference analysis of 25 Dutch cities between 1994-2011 shows that opening a tippelzone decreases registered sexual abuse and rape by about 30-40 percent in the first two years. For cities which enforced licensing in tippelzones, we also find reductions in drug-related crime and long-term effects on sexual assaults. Effects on perceived drug nuisance depend on the regulation system and the proximity of respondents to the tippelzone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-63
Number of pages36
JournalAmerican Economic Journal : Economic Policy
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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