Striving for entrepreneurial autonomy: A comparison of Russia and the Netherlands

Marco van Gelderen, Galina Shirokova, Vladimir Shchegolev, Tatiana Beliaeva

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Autonomy is a primary motive, as well as source of satisfaction, for those who
start and run their own business. Autonomy is not inherent to business ownership – owner/ founders must make concentrated efforts to achieve and maintain autonomy. This study aims to increase our understanding of autonomy by investigating how it is experienced, the factors that affect it, and the actions that business owners take to attain and retain it. We study these topics in the setting of an emerging market – Russia – and compare the outcomes with a similar study conducted in the Netherlands. Our cross-cultural comparison reveals that the way autonomy is experienced and attained can be viewed as an
expression of survival values in Russia and of self-expression values in the Netherlands.
We posit an underlying structural similarity by theorizing the level of experienced
entrepreneurial autonomy to be the outcome of the balance of power and dependencies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-138
Number of pages32
JournalManagement and Organization Review
Issue number1
Early online date10 Sep 2019
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • entrepreneurial autonomy
  • Russia
  • comparative analysis
  • independence
  • autonomy
  • the Netherlands
  • qualitative study

VU Research Profile

  • Governance for Society


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