Structure of Medieval Roman Law: Institutions, Sources, and Methods

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Abstract

At the beginning of the twelfth century a university emerged at Bologna where the study of Roman law was taken up. The rst generations of scholars, the glossators, interpreted the Corpus iuris civilis in its medieval shape (subdivided into ve volumes) and produced various types of scholarly works: glosses, lecturae, summae, etc. Learned jurists of the fourteenth and fteenth centuries, the commentators, continued the exegetical work of their predecessors. They no longer wrote glosses, but continuous commentaries. Moreover, they produced consilia, advisory opinions given in view of specic court cases. By this time the study of Roman law had spread over major parts of southern Europe. With the dissemination of canon law and the foundation of universities, the knowledge of Roman law could also spread to more northern regions, penetrate into legal practice, and lay the foundation of a common legal culture on the continent: the ius commune.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of European Legal History
EditorsHeikki Pihlajamäki, Markus D. Dubber, Mark Godfrey
PublisherOxford University press
Chapter13
Pages286-308
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780191827426
ISBN (Print)9780198785521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameOxford Handbooks
PublisherOxford University Press

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