Students' Abilities to Envision Scenarios of Urban Futures

I. Pauw, Joop van der Schee, Tine Béneker, van der R. Vaart

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In this paper, we report on students' abilities to envision scenarios of urban futures after a lesson series based on futures education. The results on the critical and creative scenario thinking of geography students in three upper secondary schools improved significantly between a pretest and posttest. However, embedding newly imagined ideas in the spatial structures of tomorrow's cities turned out to be challenging for students. Although geographical knowledge and skills do seem to support students in scenario thinking, it appears to be a complex task to effectively combine knowledge and imagination in scenarios of urban futures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-66
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Futures Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


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