Substitution between cars within the household

B. de Borger, I. Mulalic, J. Rouwendal

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we study the demand for car kilometres in two-car households, focusing on the substitution between cars of different fuel efficiency in response to fuel price changes. We use a large sample of detailed Danish data on two-car households to estimate - for each car owned by the household - own and cross-price effects of increases in fuel costs per kilometre. The empirical results show that failure to capture substitution between cars within the household can result in substantial misspecification biases. Ignoring substitution, the basic model yielded fuel price elasticities of -0.98 and -1.41 for the primary and secondary cars, respectively. Accounting for substitution effects, these figures reduce to, respectively, -0.32 and -0.45. Consistent with substitution behaviour, we find that the fuel price elasticity of fuel demand exceeds the elasticity of kilometre demands with respect to the fuel price; the difference strongly increases at the highest deciles of the distribution of kilometre demand. Extending the model to account for driver heterogeneity and the role of car characteristics confirmed the relevance of substitution between cars within the household. We found strong evidence of substitution from the secondary to the primary car, especially if the latter is a more recent car with more horsepower. In general, the results of this paper emphasise the importance of behavioural differences related to the position of the most fuel efficient car in the household, suggesting that households' fuel efficiency choices are related to their price sensitivity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-156
JournalTransportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice
Volume85
Issue numberMarch
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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substitution
Substitution reactions
Railroad cars
price elasticity
demand
Elasticity
efficiency
Substitution
Car
Household
driver
trend
costs
evidence
Fuel price

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de Borger, B. ; Mulalic, I. ; Rouwendal, J. / Substitution between cars within the household. In: Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice. 2016 ; Vol. 85, No. March. pp. 135-156.
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title = "Substitution between cars within the household",
abstract = "In this paper we study the demand for car kilometres in two-car households, focusing on the substitution between cars of different fuel efficiency in response to fuel price changes. We use a large sample of detailed Danish data on two-car households to estimate - for each car owned by the household - own and cross-price effects of increases in fuel costs per kilometre. The empirical results show that failure to capture substitution between cars within the household can result in substantial misspecification biases. Ignoring substitution, the basic model yielded fuel price elasticities of -0.98 and -1.41 for the primary and secondary cars, respectively. Accounting for substitution effects, these figures reduce to, respectively, -0.32 and -0.45. Consistent with substitution behaviour, we find that the fuel price elasticity of fuel demand exceeds the elasticity of kilometre demands with respect to the fuel price; the difference strongly increases at the highest deciles of the distribution of kilometre demand. Extending the model to account for driver heterogeneity and the role of car characteristics confirmed the relevance of substitution between cars within the household. We found strong evidence of substitution from the secondary to the primary car, especially if the latter is a more recent car with more horsepower. In general, the results of this paper emphasise the importance of behavioural differences related to the position of the most fuel efficient car in the household, suggesting that households' fuel efficiency choices are related to their price sensitivity.",
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Substitution between cars within the household. / de Borger, B.; Mulalic, I.; Rouwendal, J.

In: Transportation Research. Part A: Policy & Practice, Vol. 85, No. March, 2016, p. 135-156.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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