Targeting and translocation of the two lipoproteins in Escherichia coli via the SRP/Sec/YidC pathway.

L. Froderberg, E.N.G. Houben, L Baars, S. Luirink, J.W. Gier de

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    Abstract

    In Escherichia coli, two main protein targeting pathways to the inner membrane exist: the SecB pathway for the essentially posttranslational targeting of secretory proteins and the SRP pathway for cotranslational targeting of inner membrane proteins (IMPs). At the inner membrane both pathways converge at the Sec translocase, which is capable of both linear transport into the periplasm and lateral transport into the lipid bilayer. The Sec-associated YidC appears to assist the lateral transport of IMPs from the Sec translocase into the lipid bilayer. It should be noted that targeting and translocation of only a handful of secretory proteins and IMPs have been studied. These model proteins do not include lipoproteins. Here, we have studied the targeting and translocation of two secretory lipoproteins, the murein lipoprotein and the bacteriocin release protein, using a combined in vivo and in vitro approach. The data indicate that both murein lipoprotein and bacteriocin release protein require the SRP pathway for efficient targeting to the Sec translocase. Furthermore, we show that YidC plays an important role in the targeting/translocation of both lipoproteins.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)31026-31032
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Volume279
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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