Technocracy versus experimental learning in RRI: On making the most of RRI’s interpretative flexibility

P. Klaassen, M.C.J.A. Rijnen, S. Vermeulen, Frank Kupper, J.E.W. Broerse

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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This chapter aims to narrow the gap between how Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is conceived of in European Commission policy circles and how it is conceived of in scholarly circles. The policy view of RRI and the scholarly view of RRI each have their strengths and weaknesses and both would be better off if coupled to the other. Large and pertinent differences between Scott's High Modernist projects and pRRI, however, perhaps weigh heavier than do the aforementioned similarities. In the policy literature, people see that a straightforwardly optimistic approach to RRI can be found, which simultaneously is very explicit and universalist about what it means to be responsible—see the definition of RRI. Arguably, most of the discrepancies between aRRI and pRRI above can be explained in terms of two more parameters, along which the two can be differentiated—one somewhat philosophical, and one very down-to-earth.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResponsible Research and Innovation
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Concepts to Practices
EditorsRobert Gianni, John Pearson, Bernard Reber
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781315457291
ISBN (Print)9781138209343, 9780367588212
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameRoutledge Studies in Innovation, Organizations and Technology


  • RRI
  • Responsible Innovation
  • Societal Desirability
  • Responsible Research
  • Innovation Process
  • Learning
  • Research and Innovation governance

VU Research Profile

  • Science for Sustainability


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