Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI: Results from Three Cohorts

Ivonne P M Derks, Koen Bolhuis, Zeynep Yalcin, Romy Gaillard, Manon H J Hillegers, Henrik Larsson, Sebastian Lundström, Paul Lichtenstein, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Meike Bartels, Dorret I Boomsma, Henning Tiemeier, Pauline W Jansen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prospective, potentially bidirectional association of aggressive behavior with BMI and body composition across childhood in three population-based cohorts.

METHODS: Repeated measures of aggression and BMI were available from the Generation R Study between ages 6 and 10 years (N = 3,974), the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) between ages 7 and 10 years (N = 10,328), and the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) between ages 9 and 14 years (N = 1,462). In all samples, aggression was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist. Fat mass and fat-free mass were available in the Generation R Study. Associations were examined with cross-lagged modeling.

RESULTS: Aggressive behavior at baseline was associated with higher BMI at follow-up in the Generation R Study (β = 0.02, 95% CI: 0.00 to 0.04), in NTR (β = 0.04, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.06), and in TCHAD (β = 0.03, 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.07). Aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher fat mass (β = 0.03, 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.05) but not fat-free mass. There was no evidence that BMI or body composition preceded aggressive behavior.

CONCLUSIONS: More aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher BMI and fat mass. This suggests that aggression contributes to the obesity problem, and future research should study whether these behavioral pathways to childhood obesity are modifiable.

LanguageEnglish
Pages822-829
Number of pages8
JournalObesity
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

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Aggression
Fats
Adolescent Development
Twin Studies
Child Development
Body Composition
Netherlands
Pediatric Obesity
Child Behavior
Checklist
Obesity
Prospective Studies
Population

Bibliographical note

© 2019 The Authors. Obesity published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The Obesity Society (TOS).

Cite this

Derks, I. P. M., Bolhuis, K., Yalcin, Z., Gaillard, R., Hillegers, M. H. J., Larsson, H., ... Jansen, P. W. (2019). Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI: Results from Three Cohorts. Obesity, 27(5), 822-829. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22419
Derks, Ivonne P M ; Bolhuis, Koen ; Yalcin, Zeynep ; Gaillard, Romy ; Hillegers, Manon H J ; Larsson, Henrik ; Lundström, Sebastian ; Lichtenstein, Paul ; van Beijsterveldt, Catharina E M ; Bartels, Meike ; Boomsma, Dorret I ; Tiemeier, Henning ; Jansen, Pauline W. / Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI : Results from Three Cohorts. In: Obesity. 2019 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 822-829.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prospective, potentially bidirectional association of aggressive behavior with BMI and body composition across childhood in three population-based cohorts.METHODS: Repeated measures of aggression and BMI were available from the Generation R Study between ages 6 and 10 years (N = 3,974), the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) between ages 7 and 10 years (N = 10,328), and the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) between ages 9 and 14 years (N = 1,462). In all samples, aggression was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist. Fat mass and fat-free mass were available in the Generation R Study. Associations were examined with cross-lagged modeling.RESULTS: Aggressive behavior at baseline was associated with higher BMI at follow-up in the Generation R Study (β = 0.02, 95{\%} CI: 0.00 to 0.04), in NTR (β = 0.04, 95{\%} CI: 0.02 to 0.06), and in TCHAD (β = 0.03, 95{\%} CI: -0.02 to 0.07). Aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher fat mass (β = 0.03, 95{\%} CI: 0.01 to 0.05) but not fat-free mass. There was no evidence that BMI or body composition preceded aggressive behavior.CONCLUSIONS: More aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher BMI and fat mass. This suggests that aggression contributes to the obesity problem, and future research should study whether these behavioral pathways to childhood obesity are modifiable.",
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Derks, IPM, Bolhuis, K, Yalcin, Z, Gaillard, R, Hillegers, MHJ, Larsson, H, Lundström, S, Lichtenstein, P, van Beijsterveldt, CEM, Bartels, M, Boomsma, DI, Tiemeier, H & Jansen, PW 2019, 'Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI: Results from Three Cohorts', Obesity, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 822-829. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22419

Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI : Results from Three Cohorts. / Derks, Ivonne P M; Bolhuis, Koen; Yalcin, Zeynep; Gaillard, Romy; Hillegers, Manon H J; Larsson, Henrik; Lundström, Sebastian; Lichtenstein, Paul; van Beijsterveldt, Catharina E M; Bartels, Meike; Boomsma, Dorret I; Tiemeier, Henning; Jansen, Pauline W.

In: Obesity, Vol. 27, No. 5, 05.2019, p. 822-829.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI

T2 - Obesity

AU - Derks, Ivonne P M

AU - Bolhuis, Koen

AU - Yalcin, Zeynep

AU - Gaillard, Romy

AU - Hillegers, Manon H J

AU - Larsson, Henrik

AU - Lundström, Sebastian

AU - Lichtenstein, Paul

AU - van Beijsterveldt, Catharina E M

AU - Bartels, Meike

AU - Boomsma, Dorret I

AU - Tiemeier, Henning

AU - Jansen, Pauline W

N1 - © 2019 The Authors. Obesity published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The Obesity Society (TOS).

PY - 2019/5

Y1 - 2019/5

N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prospective, potentially bidirectional association of aggressive behavior with BMI and body composition across childhood in three population-based cohorts.METHODS: Repeated measures of aggression and BMI were available from the Generation R Study between ages 6 and 10 years (N = 3,974), the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) between ages 7 and 10 years (N = 10,328), and the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) between ages 9 and 14 years (N = 1,462). In all samples, aggression was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist. Fat mass and fat-free mass were available in the Generation R Study. Associations were examined with cross-lagged modeling.RESULTS: Aggressive behavior at baseline was associated with higher BMI at follow-up in the Generation R Study (β = 0.02, 95% CI: 0.00 to 0.04), in NTR (β = 0.04, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.06), and in TCHAD (β = 0.03, 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.07). Aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher fat mass (β = 0.03, 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.05) but not fat-free mass. There was no evidence that BMI or body composition preceded aggressive behavior.CONCLUSIONS: More aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher BMI and fat mass. This suggests that aggression contributes to the obesity problem, and future research should study whether these behavioral pathways to childhood obesity are modifiable.

AB - OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prospective, potentially bidirectional association of aggressive behavior with BMI and body composition across childhood in three population-based cohorts.METHODS: Repeated measures of aggression and BMI were available from the Generation R Study between ages 6 and 10 years (N = 3,974), the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) between ages 7 and 10 years (N = 10,328), and the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) between ages 9 and 14 years (N = 1,462). In all samples, aggression was assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist. Fat mass and fat-free mass were available in the Generation R Study. Associations were examined with cross-lagged modeling.RESULTS: Aggressive behavior at baseline was associated with higher BMI at follow-up in the Generation R Study (β = 0.02, 95% CI: 0.00 to 0.04), in NTR (β = 0.04, 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.06), and in TCHAD (β = 0.03, 95% CI: -0.02 to 0.07). Aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher fat mass (β = 0.03, 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.05) but not fat-free mass. There was no evidence that BMI or body composition preceded aggressive behavior.CONCLUSIONS: More aggressive behavior was prospectively associated with higher BMI and fat mass. This suggests that aggression contributes to the obesity problem, and future research should study whether these behavioral pathways to childhood obesity are modifiable.

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Derks IPM, Bolhuis K, Yalcin Z, Gaillard R, Hillegers MHJ, Larsson H et al. Testing Bidirectional Associations Between Childhood Aggression and BMI: Results from Three Cohorts. Obesity. 2019 May;27(5):822-829. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.22419