Testing the Situational Explanation of Victimization among Adolescents

M Averdijk, W. Bernasco

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives: This study aimed to test situational theories of victimization by answering three research questions, namely to what extent victims are actually victimized while being exposed to risky situations, whether the relation between victimization and situational elements is causal, and which elements of a situation are risky. We distinguished the type of activity, the company that individuals keep, the place of the activity, and the time of the activity. Methods: Data were collected among adolescents in The Hague, the Netherlands, using space–time budgets. These provided detailed information on situational elements for each hour across a period of four days. Multivariate fixed effects logit analyses were used to ensure that the results were not due to stable differences between individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-180
JournalJournal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Issue number2
Early online date24 Sept 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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