Tests of General Relativity with GW170817

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The recent discovery by Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo of a gravitational wave signal from a binary neutron star inspiral has enabled tests of general relativity (GR) with this new type of source. This source, for the first time, permits tests of strong-field dynamics of compact binaries in the presence of matter. In this Letter, we place constraints on the dipole radiation and possible deviations from GR in the post-Newtonian coefficients that govern the inspiral regime. Bounds on modified dispersion of gravitational waves are obtained; in combination with information from the observed electromagnetic counterpart we can also constrain effects due to large extra dimensions. Finally, the polarization content of the gravitational wave signal is studied. The results of all tests performed here show good agreement with GR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011102
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number1
Early online date1 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019


gravitational waves
LIGO (observatory)
binary stars
neutron stars

Cite this

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration (2019). Tests of General Relativity with GW170817. Physical Review Letters, 123(1), 1-15. [011102]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.011102
LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. / Tests of General Relativity with GW170817. In: Physical Review Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 123, No. 1. pp. 1-15.
title = "Tests of General Relativity with GW170817",
abstract = "The recent discovery by Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo of a gravitational wave signal from a binary neutron star inspiral has enabled tests of general relativity (GR) with this new type of source. This source, for the first time, permits tests of strong-field dynamics of compact binaries in the presence of matter. In this Letter, we place constraints on the dipole radiation and possible deviations from GR in the post-Newtonian coefficients that govern the inspiral regime. Bounds on modified dispersion of gravitational waves are obtained; in combination with information from the observed electromagnetic counterpart we can also constrain effects due to large extra dimensions. Finally, the polarization content of the gravitational wave signal is studied. The results of all tests performed here show good agreement with GR.",
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Worden and Wright, {J. L.} and Wu, {D. S.} and Wysocki, {D. M.} and S. Xiao and W. Yam and H. Yamamoto and Yancey, {C. C.} and L. Yang and Yap, {M. J.} and M. Yazback and Hang Yu and Haocun Yu and M. Yvert and A. Zadrożny and M. Zanolin and T. Zelenova and Zendri, {J. P.} and M. Zevin and J. Zhang and L. Zhang and M. Zhang and T. Zhang and Zhang, {Y. H.} and C. Zhao and M. Zhou and Z. Zhou and Zhu, {S. J.} and Zhu, {X. J.} and Zimmerman, {A. B.} and Zucker, {M. E.} and J. Zweizig and {LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.011102",
language = "English",
volume = "123",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "1",


LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration 2019, 'Tests of General Relativity with GW170817' Physical Review Letters, vol. 123, no. 1, 011102, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.011102

Tests of General Relativity with GW170817. / LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 123, No. 1, 011102, 03.07.2019, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


T1 - Tests of General Relativity with GW170817

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AU - LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

PY - 2019/7/3

Y1 - 2019/7/3

N2 - The recent discovery by Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo of a gravitational wave signal from a binary neutron star inspiral has enabled tests of general relativity (GR) with this new type of source. This source, for the first time, permits tests of strong-field dynamics of compact binaries in the presence of matter. In this Letter, we place constraints on the dipole radiation and possible deviations from GR in the post-Newtonian coefficients that govern the inspiral regime. Bounds on modified dispersion of gravitational waves are obtained; in combination with information from the observed electromagnetic counterpart we can also constrain effects due to large extra dimensions. Finally, the polarization content of the gravitational wave signal is studied. The results of all tests performed here show good agreement with GR.

AB - The recent discovery by Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo of a gravitational wave signal from a binary neutron star inspiral has enabled tests of general relativity (GR) with this new type of source. This source, for the first time, permits tests of strong-field dynamics of compact binaries in the presence of matter. In this Letter, we place constraints on the dipole radiation and possible deviations from GR in the post-Newtonian coefficients that govern the inspiral regime. Bounds on modified dispersion of gravitational waves are obtained; in combination with information from the observed electromagnetic counterpart we can also constrain effects due to large extra dimensions. Finally, the polarization content of the gravitational wave signal is studied. The results of all tests performed here show good agreement with GR.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068728748&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068728748&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.011102

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.011102

M3 - Article

VL - 123

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 1

M1 - 011102

ER -

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration. Tests of General Relativity with GW170817. Physical Review Letters. 2019 Jul 3;123(1):1-15. 011102. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.011102