The ability of 6- to 8-year-old children to use motor imagery in a goal-directed pointing task

S Spruijt, J. van der Kamp, B. Steenbergen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

It has been suggested that motor imagery ability develops gradually between 5 and 12 years of age, but ambiguity remains over the precise developmental course before 9 years. Hence, we determined the age-related differences in the use of motor imagery by children on the mental chronometry paradigm. In addition, we examined whether the use of motor imagery is related to cognitive and hand abilities. To this end, we compared duration of actual pointing and imagined pointing on a radial Fitts' task in 82 children (three age groups; 6-, 7-, and 8-year-olds). In line with previous studies, we found an age-related increase in temporal congruence between actual and imagined pointing and compliance with Fitts' law. Importantly, however, we showed that only a limited number of 7- and 8-year-olds were actually using motor imagery to perform the imagined pointing task, whereas the 6-year-olds did not employ motor imagery to perform the task. The current results extend previous research by establishing that the age of onset to use motor imagery in the mental chronometry paradigm is not prior to 7. years.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-233
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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