The active employee: Reconsidering the role of the individual worker in relation to the work context

Maria Tims, Dorien Kooij

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the active employee and reviews the following proactive performance concepts: employee proactivity, personal initiative, job crafting, and idiosyncratic deals (i-deals). The discussion of employee proactivity will introduce the general concept of proactivity at work. Personal initiative is included because this concept has been used in many studies investigating the proactive employee. Job crafting is reviewed as an example of how employees proactively shape their own jobs, whereas i-deals are discussed as an example of how employees may take the initiative to negotiate specialized employment conditions with the employer. The chapter discusses link between the proactive behaviors and well-being and performance. Although the literature on proactive behavior at work is diverse and spread among different fields, various researchers have successfully aimed to integrate this literature. Regarding the proactive constructs, there are indeed some signs that negative relationships with performance or well-being exist.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCurrent Issues in Work and Organizational Psychology
EditorsCary Cooper
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Chapter12
Pages205-218
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780429468339
ISBN (Print)9781138604971
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Publication series

NameCurrent Issues in Work and Organizational Psychology

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