The association between choice stepping reaction time and falls in older adults--a path analysis model

M.A.G.M. Pijnappels, K. Delbaere, D.L. Sturnieks, S.R. Lord

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: choice stepping reaction time (CSRT) is a functional measure that has been shown to significantly discriminate older fallers from non-fallers. Objective: to investigate how physiological and cognitive factors mediate the association between CSRT performance and multiple falls by use of path analysis. Methods: 294 retirement-village residents, aged 62-95 years, undertook CSRT tests, requiring them to step onto one of four randomly illuminated panels, in addition to physiological and cognitive tests. Number of falls was collected during 1-year follow-up. Results: 79 participants (27%) reported two or more falls during the follow-up period. Regression analyses indicated CSRT was able to predict multiple falls by a factor of 1.76 for each SD change. The path analysis model revealed that the association between CSRT and multiple falls was mediated entirely by the physiological parameters reaction time and balance (postural sway) performance. These two parameters were in turn mediated over a physiological path (by quadriceps strength and visual contrast sensitivity) and a cognitive path (cognitive processing). Conclusions: this study provides an example of how path analysis can reveal mediators for the association between a functional measure and falls. Our model identified inter-relationships (with relative weights) between physiological and cognitive factors, CSRT and multiple falls. © The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)99-104
    JournalAge and Ageing
    Volume39
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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    Reaction Time
    Postural Balance
    Contrast Sensitivity
    Retirement
    Regression Analysis
    Weights and Measures

    Cite this

    Pijnappels, M.A.G.M. ; Delbaere, K. ; Sturnieks, D.L. ; Lord, S.R. / The association between choice stepping reaction time and falls in older adults--a path analysis model. In: Age and Ageing. 2010 ; Vol. 39, No. 1. pp. 99-104.
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    title = "The association between choice stepping reaction time and falls in older adults--a path analysis model",
    abstract = "Background: choice stepping reaction time (CSRT) is a functional measure that has been shown to significantly discriminate older fallers from non-fallers. Objective: to investigate how physiological and cognitive factors mediate the association between CSRT performance and multiple falls by use of path analysis. Methods: 294 retirement-village residents, aged 62-95 years, undertook CSRT tests, requiring them to step onto one of four randomly illuminated panels, in addition to physiological and cognitive tests. Number of falls was collected during 1-year follow-up. Results: 79 participants (27{\%}) reported two or more falls during the follow-up period. Regression analyses indicated CSRT was able to predict multiple falls by a factor of 1.76 for each SD change. The path analysis model revealed that the association between CSRT and multiple falls was mediated entirely by the physiological parameters reaction time and balance (postural sway) performance. These two parameters were in turn mediated over a physiological path (by quadriceps strength and visual contrast sensitivity) and a cognitive path (cognitive processing). Conclusions: this study provides an example of how path analysis can reveal mediators for the association between a functional measure and falls. Our model identified inter-relationships (with relative weights) between physiological and cognitive factors, CSRT and multiple falls. {\circledC} The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society.",
    author = "M.A.G.M. Pijnappels and K. Delbaere and D.L. Sturnieks and S.R. Lord",
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    The association between choice stepping reaction time and falls in older adults--a path analysis model. / Pijnappels, M.A.G.M.; Delbaere, K.; Sturnieks, D.L.; Lord, S.R.

    In: Age and Ageing, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2010, p. 99-104.

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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    AU - Lord, S.R.

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    N2 - Background: choice stepping reaction time (CSRT) is a functional measure that has been shown to significantly discriminate older fallers from non-fallers. Objective: to investigate how physiological and cognitive factors mediate the association between CSRT performance and multiple falls by use of path analysis. Methods: 294 retirement-village residents, aged 62-95 years, undertook CSRT tests, requiring them to step onto one of four randomly illuminated panels, in addition to physiological and cognitive tests. Number of falls was collected during 1-year follow-up. Results: 79 participants (27%) reported two or more falls during the follow-up period. Regression analyses indicated CSRT was able to predict multiple falls by a factor of 1.76 for each SD change. The path analysis model revealed that the association between CSRT and multiple falls was mediated entirely by the physiological parameters reaction time and balance (postural sway) performance. These two parameters were in turn mediated over a physiological path (by quadriceps strength and visual contrast sensitivity) and a cognitive path (cognitive processing). Conclusions: this study provides an example of how path analysis can reveal mediators for the association between a functional measure and falls. Our model identified inter-relationships (with relative weights) between physiological and cognitive factors, CSRT and multiple falls. © The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society.

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