One of the key indicators for the democratic quality of European governance is the extent to which both European and national policy actors who populate European Union institutions can be—and are—held to account by democratic forums. Accountability forms a particular challenge in the EU because executive power straddles the European and the national level, and is dispersed over a wide range of actors, including national governments, the Commission, the Council Secretariat, and EU agencies. This chapter seeks to clarify the nature of democratic accountability in the EU, the challenges that it faces, and the potential it has to develop further. For this purpose, it first constructs a number of theoretical models of what democratic accountability might amount to in the EU, and then reviews these models against various practices of accountability that EU institutions have become subject to.
|Title of host publication||The European Union: Democratic Principles and Institutional Architectures in Times of Crisis|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publisher||Oxford University press|
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|