The Course of Physical Capacity in Wheelchair Users during Training for the HandbikeBattle and at 1-Yr Follow-up

Ingrid Kouwijzer*, Linda J.M. Valent, Marcel W.M. Post, Lise M. Wilders, Anneke Grootoonk, Lucas H.V. Van Der Woude, Sonja De Groot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective The aims of this study were (1) to compare physical capacity at 1-yr follow-up with physical capacity before and after the training period for the HandbikeBattle event and (2) to identify determinants of the course of physical capacity during follow-up.

Design This was a prospective observational study. Former rehabilitation patients (N = 33) with health conditions such as spinal cord injury or amputation were included. A handcycling/arm crank graded exercise test was performed before (January, T1) and after the training period (June, T2) and at 1-yr follow-up (June, T4).

Outcomes were peak power output (W) and peak oxygen uptake (L/min). Determinants were sex (male/female); age (years); classification; physical capacity, musculoskeletal pain, exercise stage of change, and exercise self-efficacy at T1; and HandbikeBattle participation at T4.

Results Multilevel regression analyses showed that peak power output and peak oxygen uptake increased during the training period and did not significantly change during follow-up (T1: 112 ± 37 W, 1.70 ± 0.48 L/min; T2: 130 ± 40 W, 2.07 ± 0.59 L/min; T4: 126 ± 42 W, 2.00 ± 0.57 L/min). Participants who competed again in the HandbikeBattle showed slight improvement in physical capacity during follow-up, whereas participants who did not compete again showed a decrease.

Conclusion Physical capacity showed an increase during the training period and remained stable after 1-yr follow-up. Being (repeatedly) committed to a challenge might facilitate long-term exercise maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)858-865
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume100
Issue number9
Early online date3 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Cardiorespiratory Fitness
  • Exercise
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Rehabilitation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Course of Physical Capacity in Wheelchair Users during Training for the HandbikeBattle and at 1-Yr Follow-up'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this