The development of integrated diabetes care in the Netherlands: a multiplayer self-assessment analysis

Nick Zonneveld*, Lidewij E. Vat, Hans Vlek, Mirella M.N. Minkman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Since recent years Dutch diabetes care has increasingly focused on improving the quality of care by introducing the concept of care groups (in Dutch: ‘zorggroepen'), care pathways and improving cooperation with involved care professionals and patients. This study examined how participating actors in care groups assess the development of their diabetes services and the differences and similarities between different stakeholder groups. Methods: A self-evaluation study was performed within 36 diabetes care groups in the Netherlands. A web-based self-assessment instrument, based on the Development Model for Integrated Care (DMIC), was used to collect data among stakeholders of each care group. The DMIC defines nine clusters of integrated care and four phases of development. Statistical analysis was used to analyze the data. Results: Respondents indicated that the diabetes care groups work together in well-organized multidisciplinary teams and there is clarity about one another's expertise, roles and tasks. The care groups can still develop on elements related to the management and monitoring of performance, quality of care and patient-centeredness. The results show differences (p < 0.01) between three stakeholders groups in how they assess their integrated care services; (1) core players, (2) managers/directors/coordinators and (3) players at a distance. Managers, directors and coordinators assessed more implemented integrated care activities than the other two stakeholder groups. This stakeholder group also placed their care groups in a further phase of development. Players at a distance assessed significantly less present elements and assessed their care group as less developed. Conclusions: The results show a significant difference between stakeholder groups in the assessment of diabetes care practices. This reflects that the professional disciplines and the roles of stakeholders influence the way they asses the development of their integrated care setting, or that certain stakeholder groups could be less involved or informed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number219
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Health Services Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Care groups
  • Care networks
  • Development
  • Diabetes
  • Integrated care
  • Quality management
  • Stakeholder groups


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