The Apulian carbonate margin is widely preserved across the Adriatic domain and has been extensively studied in the south of Italy. In Albania, Oligocene–Pliocene fold-and-thrust tectonics led to widespread exposure of the Apulian Platform and associated Ionian Basin carbonates. However, the portion linking the platform to the basin is missing, preventing a direct reconstruction of the platform margin. Syn-sedimentary folding and faulting are recognized in the uppermost part of both the platform and basinal/slope series. Mass transport deposits (MTDs) occur within the platform succession incorporated into well-bedded intertidal (stromatolites) to shallow-subtidal (rudist packstones) sedimentary sequences. They display significant lateral variability which is accompanied by both rigid and soft deformation structures. Spectacular slumps made up of sediment density flow deposits are recognized in the adjacent Ionian Basin. The lateral extent of basal shear surfaces, syn-sedimentary faults and folds evidenced in the Ionian Basin points toward multiple regional tectonic triggering events affecting the Apulian Platform margin at that time. Bio- and chrono-stratigraphic analyses suggest that the triggers occurred during the late Campanian – early Maastrichtian. Beyond the obvious interest from a stratigraphic point of view, the study of these events recording the dismantling of the Apulian carbonate platform allows for a better understanding of the triggering mechanisms and the sedimentary characteristics of MTDs and slumps at a basinal scale.
- Mass transport deposits
- Upper Cretaceous