The distributional impact of climate change

Richard S.J. Tol*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Poorer, hotter countries are more vulnerable to climate change and will experience more negative impacts. The pattern of vulnerability between countries is used to impute impacts for income deciles within countries, for administrative regions, and for grid cells. Almost three-quarters of people will face worse impacts than their country average. Between-country variation is larger than within-country variation for income deciles and regions, and about as large for grid cells. I here revisit earlier estimates of the economic impact of climate change and extend the analysis to impute the distribution of impacts within countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-75
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of New York Academy of Sciences


  • downscaling
  • impact of climate change
  • vulnerability

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