The economic impact of climate change in the 20th and 21st centuries

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The national version of FUND3. 6 is used to backcast the impacts of climate change to the 20th century and extrapolate to the 21st century. Carbon dioxide fertilization of crops and reduced energy demand for heating are the main positive impacts. Climate change had a negative effect on water resources and, in most years, human health. Most countries benefitted from climate change until 1980, but after that the trend is negative for poor countries and positive for rich countries. The global average impact was positive in the 20th century. In the 21st century, impacts turn negative in most countries, rich and poor. Energy demand, water resources, biodiversity and sea level rise are the main negative impacts; the impacts of climate change on human health and agriculture remain positive until 2100. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
LanguageEnglish
Pages795-808
JournalClimatic Change
Volume117
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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twenty first century
economic impact
climate change
water resource
carbon dioxide
biodiversity
heating
agriculture
crop
energy demand
human health

Cite this

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title = "The economic impact of climate change in the 20th and 21st centuries",
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The economic impact of climate change in the 20th and 21st centuries. / Tol, R.S.J.

In: Climatic Change, Vol. 117, No. 4, 2013, p. 795-808.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - The national version of FUND3. 6 is used to backcast the impacts of climate change to the 20th century and extrapolate to the 21st century. Carbon dioxide fertilization of crops and reduced energy demand for heating are the main positive impacts. Climate change had a negative effect on water resources and, in most years, human health. Most countries benefitted from climate change until 1980, but after that the trend is negative for poor countries and positive for rich countries. The global average impact was positive in the 20th century. In the 21st century, impacts turn negative in most countries, rich and poor. Energy demand, water resources, biodiversity and sea level rise are the main negative impacts; the impacts of climate change on human health and agriculture remain positive until 2100. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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