The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence

Titus Johannes Galama, Adriana Adriana Lleras-Muney, Hans van Kippersluis

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryAcademic

Abstract

Education is strongly associated with better health and longer lives. However, the extent to which education causes health and longevity is widely debated. We develop a human capital framework to structure the interpretation of the empirical evidence and review evidence on the causal effects of education on mortality and its two most common preventable causes: smoking and obesity. We focus attention on evidence from randomized controlled trials, twin studies, and quasi-experiments. There is no convincing evidence of an effect of education on obesity, and the effects on smoking are only apparent when schooling reforms affect individuals’ track or their peer group, but not when they simply increase the duration of schooling. An effect of education on mortality exists in some contexts but not in others and seems to depend on (i) gender, (ii) the labor market returns to education, (iii) the quality of education, and (iv) whether education affects the quality of individuals’ peers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance
PublisherThe Oxford University Press
Pages1-99
Number of pages99
ISBN (Electronic)9780190625979
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2018

Publication series

NameOxford Research Encyclopedias

Fingerprint

Education
Mortality
Health
Obesity
Schooling
Smoking
Empirical evidence
Labour market
Market returns
Quasi-experiment
Randomized controlled trial
Causal effect
Returns to education
Human capital
Quality of education
Peers
Peer group

Cite this

Galama, T. J., Adriana Lleras-Muney, A., & van Kippersluis, H. (2018). The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance (pp. 1-99). (Oxford Research Encyclopedias). The Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190625979.013.7
Galama, Titus Johannes ; Adriana Lleras-Muney, Adriana ; van Kippersluis, Hans. / The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality : A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. The Oxford University Press, 2018. pp. 1-99 (Oxford Research Encyclopedias).
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Galama, TJ, Adriana Lleras-Muney, A & van Kippersluis, H 2018, The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence. in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. Oxford Research Encyclopedias, The Oxford University Press, pp. 1-99. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190625979.013.7

The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality : A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence. / Galama, Titus Johannes; Adriana Lleras-Muney, Adriana; van Kippersluis, Hans.

Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. The Oxford University Press, 2018. p. 1-99 (Oxford Research Encyclopedias).

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryAcademic

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Galama TJ, Adriana Lleras-Muney A, van Kippersluis H. The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance. The Oxford University Press. 2018. p. 1-99. (Oxford Research Encyclopedias). https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190625979.013.7