The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence

Titus Johannes Galama, Adriana Adriana Lleras-Muney, Hans van Kippersluis

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryAcademic

Abstract

Education is strongly associated with better health and longer lives. However, the extent to which education causes health and longevity is widely debated. We develop a human capital framework to structure the interpretation of the empirical evidence and review evidence on the causal effects of education on mortality and its two most common preventable causes: smoking and obesity. We focus attention on evidence from randomized controlled trials, twin studies, and quasi-experiments. There is no convincing evidence of an effect of education on obesity, and the effects on smoking are only apparent when schooling reforms affect individuals’ track or their peer group, but not when they simply increase the duration of schooling. An effect of education on mortality exists in some contexts but not in others and seems to depend on (i) gender, (ii) the labor market returns to education, (iii) the quality of education, and (iv) whether education affects the quality of individuals’ peers.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance
PublisherThe Oxford University Press
Pages1-99
Number of pages99
ISBN (Electronic)9780190625979
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2018

Publication series

NameOxford Research Encyclopedias

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