The effect of external rhythmic cues (auditory and visual) on walking during a functional task in homes of people with Parkinson's disease

L. Rochester, V. Hetherington, D. Jones, A. Nieuwboer, A.M. Willems, G. Kwakkel, E.E.H. van Wegen

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Objectives: To evaluate (1) the influence of rhythmic cues on gait interference during a functional activity and (2) the relationship of clinical symptoms to gait interference. Design: Repeated-measures study. Setting: Participants' homes. Participants: Twenty subjects with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and a control group of 10 age-, sex-, and education-matched subjects. Interventions: Subjects performed a simple functional task that included a walking component and a dual-motor task. The functional task was performed with and without external rhythmic (auditory and visual) cues. Main Outcome Measures: Walking speed, mean step length, and step frequency were compared during trials of the tasks. In addition, tests of cognitive executive function (Hayling and Brixton tests), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) were undertaken. Results: The use of auditory cues during a dual task involving gait reduced the interference effect on the task; significant increases in step length were observed in PD subjects (P=.018), representing an increase of 19%. Conclusions: External auditory cues may be useful in reducing interference and maintaining gait performance during more complicated functional activities. Clinical symptoms, such as depression and fatigue, could influence the ability to focus attention and may increase gait interference during the performance of complex tasks, with subsequent implications for functional walking and safety. © 2005 by American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)999-1006
    JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Volume86
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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    Gait
    Walking
    Cues
    Parkinson Disease
    Fatigue
    Depression
    Anxiety
    Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
    Aptitude
    Sex Education
    Executive Function
    Task Performance and Analysis
    Cognition
    Rehabilitation
    Medicine
    Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
    Safety
    Equipment and Supplies
    Control Groups

    Cite this

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    title = "The effect of external rhythmic cues (auditory and visual) on walking during a functional task in homes of people with Parkinson's disease",
    abstract = "Objectives: To evaluate (1) the influence of rhythmic cues on gait interference during a functional activity and (2) the relationship of clinical symptoms to gait interference. Design: Repeated-measures study. Setting: Participants' homes. Participants: Twenty subjects with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and a control group of 10 age-, sex-, and education-matched subjects. Interventions: Subjects performed a simple functional task that included a walking component and a dual-motor task. The functional task was performed with and without external rhythmic (auditory and visual) cues. Main Outcome Measures: Walking speed, mean step length, and step frequency were compared during trials of the tasks. In addition, tests of cognitive executive function (Hayling and Brixton tests), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) were undertaken. Results: The use of auditory cues during a dual task involving gait reduced the interference effect on the task; significant increases in step length were observed in PD subjects (P=.018), representing an increase of 19{\%}. Conclusions: External auditory cues may be useful in reducing interference and maintaining gait performance during more complicated functional activities. Clinical symptoms, such as depression and fatigue, could influence the ability to focus attention and may increase gait interference during the performance of complex tasks, with subsequent implications for functional walking and safety. {\circledC} 2005 by American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.",
    author = "L. Rochester and V. Hetherington and D. Jones and A. Nieuwboer and A.M. Willems and G. Kwakkel and {van Wegen}, E.E.H.",
    year = "2005",
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    The effect of external rhythmic cues (auditory and visual) on walking during a functional task in homes of people with Parkinson's disease. / Rochester, L.; Hetherington, V.; Jones, D.; Nieuwboer, A.; Willems, A.M.; Kwakkel, G.; van Wegen, E.E.H.

    In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 86, No. 5, 2005, p. 999-1006.

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The effect of external rhythmic cues (auditory and visual) on walking during a functional task in homes of people with Parkinson's disease

    AU - Rochester, L.

    AU - Hetherington, V.

    AU - Jones, D.

    AU - Nieuwboer, A.

    AU - Willems, A.M.

    AU - Kwakkel, G.

    AU - van Wegen, E.E.H.

    PY - 2005

    Y1 - 2005

    N2 - Objectives: To evaluate (1) the influence of rhythmic cues on gait interference during a functional activity and (2) the relationship of clinical symptoms to gait interference. Design: Repeated-measures study. Setting: Participants' homes. Participants: Twenty subjects with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and a control group of 10 age-, sex-, and education-matched subjects. Interventions: Subjects performed a simple functional task that included a walking component and a dual-motor task. The functional task was performed with and without external rhythmic (auditory and visual) cues. Main Outcome Measures: Walking speed, mean step length, and step frequency were compared during trials of the tasks. In addition, tests of cognitive executive function (Hayling and Brixton tests), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) were undertaken. Results: The use of auditory cues during a dual task involving gait reduced the interference effect on the task; significant increases in step length were observed in PD subjects (P=.018), representing an increase of 19%. Conclusions: External auditory cues may be useful in reducing interference and maintaining gait performance during more complicated functional activities. Clinical symptoms, such as depression and fatigue, could influence the ability to focus attention and may increase gait interference during the performance of complex tasks, with subsequent implications for functional walking and safety. © 2005 by American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

    AB - Objectives: To evaluate (1) the influence of rhythmic cues on gait interference during a functional activity and (2) the relationship of clinical symptoms to gait interference. Design: Repeated-measures study. Setting: Participants' homes. Participants: Twenty subjects with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and a control group of 10 age-, sex-, and education-matched subjects. Interventions: Subjects performed a simple functional task that included a walking component and a dual-motor task. The functional task was performed with and without external rhythmic (auditory and visual) cues. Main Outcome Measures: Walking speed, mean step length, and step frequency were compared during trials of the tasks. In addition, tests of cognitive executive function (Hayling and Brixton tests), anxiety and depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), and fatigue (Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory) were undertaken. Results: The use of auditory cues during a dual task involving gait reduced the interference effect on the task; significant increases in step length were observed in PD subjects (P=.018), representing an increase of 19%. Conclusions: External auditory cues may be useful in reducing interference and maintaining gait performance during more complicated functional activities. Clinical symptoms, such as depression and fatigue, could influence the ability to focus attention and may increase gait interference during the performance of complex tasks, with subsequent implications for functional walking and safety. © 2005 by American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

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