The effect of facial composite construction on eyewitness identification accuracy in an ecologically valid paradigm.

Graham E. Pike, Nicola A. Brace, Jim Turner, A. Vredeveldt

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Previous research has produced equivocal results with regard to whether facial composite creation affects subsequent eyewitness identification accuracy, but the most widely publicized view is that creating a composite impairs the ability to later recognize the perpetrator from a line-up. In our first experiment, we examined this effect using several ecologically valid elements including a live staged crime, trained police officers, and a long delay between construction and identification, albeit with only a short delay between crime and composite construction. Composite construction did not significantly affect line-up identification accuracy. Experiment 2 replicated this result using a laboratory-based design and sequential line-up task, eliminating the possibly confounding effect of differential levels of motivation and relative judgments. Taken together, the experiments suggest composite creation may not negatively impact subsequent line-up accuracy, regardless of whether an ecologically valid method or more standard laboratory testing was used.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-336
Number of pages18
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume46
Issue number2
Early online date8 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Crime
paradigm
experiment
offense
Aptitude
Police
police officer
Motivation
ability
Research
Identification (Psychology)

Cite this

@article{728348de06bd41ab8ba1803a015ce1c0,
title = "The effect of facial composite construction on eyewitness identification accuracy in an ecologically valid paradigm.",
abstract = "Previous research has produced equivocal results with regard to whether facial composite creation affects subsequent eyewitness identification accuracy, but the most widely publicized view is that creating a composite impairs the ability to later recognize the perpetrator from a line-up. In our first experiment, we examined this effect using several ecologically valid elements including a live staged crime, trained police officers, and a long delay between construction and identification, albeit with only a short delay between crime and composite construction. Composite construction did not significantly affect line-up identification accuracy. Experiment 2 replicated this result using a laboratory-based design and sequential line-up task, eliminating the possibly confounding effect of differential levels of motivation and relative judgments. Taken together, the experiments suggest composite creation may not negatively impact subsequent line-up accuracy, regardless of whether an ecologically valid method or more standard laboratory testing was used.",
author = "Pike, {Graham E.} and Brace, {Nicola A.} and Jim Turner and A. Vredeveldt",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0093854818811376",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
pages = "319--336",
journal = "Criminal Justice and Behavior",
issn = "0093-8548",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

The effect of facial composite construction on eyewitness identification accuracy in an ecologically valid paradigm. / Pike, Graham E.; Brace, Nicola A.; Turner, Jim; Vredeveldt, A.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 46, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 319-336.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of facial composite construction on eyewitness identification accuracy in an ecologically valid paradigm.

AU - Pike, Graham E.

AU - Brace, Nicola A.

AU - Turner, Jim

AU - Vredeveldt, A.

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Previous research has produced equivocal results with regard to whether facial composite creation affects subsequent eyewitness identification accuracy, but the most widely publicized view is that creating a composite impairs the ability to later recognize the perpetrator from a line-up. In our first experiment, we examined this effect using several ecologically valid elements including a live staged crime, trained police officers, and a long delay between construction and identification, albeit with only a short delay between crime and composite construction. Composite construction did not significantly affect line-up identification accuracy. Experiment 2 replicated this result using a laboratory-based design and sequential line-up task, eliminating the possibly confounding effect of differential levels of motivation and relative judgments. Taken together, the experiments suggest composite creation may not negatively impact subsequent line-up accuracy, regardless of whether an ecologically valid method or more standard laboratory testing was used.

AB - Previous research has produced equivocal results with regard to whether facial composite creation affects subsequent eyewitness identification accuracy, but the most widely publicized view is that creating a composite impairs the ability to later recognize the perpetrator from a line-up. In our first experiment, we examined this effect using several ecologically valid elements including a live staged crime, trained police officers, and a long delay between construction and identification, albeit with only a short delay between crime and composite construction. Composite construction did not significantly affect line-up identification accuracy. Experiment 2 replicated this result using a laboratory-based design and sequential line-up task, eliminating the possibly confounding effect of differential levels of motivation and relative judgments. Taken together, the experiments suggest composite creation may not negatively impact subsequent line-up accuracy, regardless of whether an ecologically valid method or more standard laboratory testing was used.

U2 - 10.1177/0093854818811376

DO - 10.1177/0093854818811376

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 319

EP - 336

JO - Criminal Justice and Behavior

JF - Criminal Justice and Behavior

SN - 0093-8548

IS - 2

ER -