The effect of melt composition on metal-silicate partitioning of siderophile elements and constraints on core formation in the angrite parent body

E. S. Steenstra, A. B. Sitabi, Y. H. Lin, N. Rai, J. S. Knibbe, J. Berndt, S. Matveev, W. van Westrenen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We present 275 new metal-silicate partition coefficients for P, S, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Ge, Mo, and W obtained at moderate P (1.5 GPa) and high T (1683–1883 K). We investigate the effect of silicate melt composition using four end member silicate melt compositions. We identify possible silicate melt dependencies of the metal-silicate partitioning of lower valence elements Ni, Ge and V, elements that are usually assumed to remain unaffected by changes in silicate melt composition. Results for the other elements are consistent with the dependence of their metal-silicate partition coefficients on the individual major oxide components of the silicate melt composition suggested by recently reported parameterizations and theoretical considerations. Using multiple linear regression, we parameterize compiled metal-silicate partitioning results including our new data and report revised expressions that predict their metal-silicate partitioning behavior as a function of P-T-X-fO2. We apply these results to constrain the conditions that prevailed during core formation in the angrite parent body (APB). Our results suggest the siderophile element depletions in angrite meteorites are consistent with a CV bulk composition and constrain APB core formation to have occurred at mildly reducing conditions of 1.4 ± 0.5 log units below the iron-wüstite buffer (ΔIW), corresponding to a APB core mass of 18 ± 11%. The core mass range is constrained to 21 ± 8 mass% if light elements (S and/or C) are assumed to reside in the APB core. Incorporation of light elements in the APB core does not yield significantly different redox states for APB core-mantle differentiation. The inferred redox state is in excellent agreement with independent fO2 estimates recorded by pyroxene and olivine in angrites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-83
Number of pages22
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume212
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

siderophile element
Silicates
parent body
silicate melt
partitioning
silicate
Metals
melt
metal
Chemical analysis
partition coefficient
meteorite
pyroxene
effect
parameterization
olivine
Meteorites
oxide
mantle
iron

Keywords

  • Accretion
  • Angrite
  • Core
  • Metal
  • Siderophile
  • Silicate

Cite this

@article{a8bb9f3663ca4f63a9d79478b35ecef6,
title = "The effect of melt composition on metal-silicate partitioning of siderophile elements and constraints on core formation in the angrite parent body",
abstract = "We present 275 new metal-silicate partition coefficients for P, S, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Ge, Mo, and W obtained at moderate P (1.5 GPa) and high T (1683–1883 K). We investigate the effect of silicate melt composition using four end member silicate melt compositions. We identify possible silicate melt dependencies of the metal-silicate partitioning of lower valence elements Ni, Ge and V, elements that are usually assumed to remain unaffected by changes in silicate melt composition. Results for the other elements are consistent with the dependence of their metal-silicate partition coefficients on the individual major oxide components of the silicate melt composition suggested by recently reported parameterizations and theoretical considerations. Using multiple linear regression, we parameterize compiled metal-silicate partitioning results including our new data and report revised expressions that predict their metal-silicate partitioning behavior as a function of P-T-X-fO2. We apply these results to constrain the conditions that prevailed during core formation in the angrite parent body (APB). Our results suggest the siderophile element depletions in angrite meteorites are consistent with a CV bulk composition and constrain APB core formation to have occurred at mildly reducing conditions of 1.4 ± 0.5 log units below the iron-w{\"u}stite buffer (ΔIW), corresponding to a APB core mass of 18 ± 11{\%}. The core mass range is constrained to 21 ± 8 mass{\%} if light elements (S and/or C) are assumed to reside in the APB core. Incorporation of light elements in the APB core does not yield significantly different redox states for APB core-mantle differentiation. The inferred redox state is in excellent agreement with independent fO2 estimates recorded by pyroxene and olivine in angrites.",
keywords = "Accretion, Angrite, Core, Metal, Siderophile, Silicate",
author = "Steenstra, {E. S.} and Sitabi, {A. B.} and Lin, {Y. H.} and N. Rai and Knibbe, {J. S.} and J. Berndt and S. Matveev and {van Westrenen}, W.",
year = "2017",
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The effect of melt composition on metal-silicate partitioning of siderophile elements and constraints on core formation in the angrite parent body. / Steenstra, E. S.; Sitabi, A. B.; Lin, Y. H.; Rai, N.; Knibbe, J. S.; Berndt, J.; Matveev, S.; van Westrenen, W.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 212, 01.09.2017, p. 62-83.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of melt composition on metal-silicate partitioning of siderophile elements and constraints on core formation in the angrite parent body

AU - Steenstra, E. S.

AU - Sitabi, A. B.

AU - Lin, Y. H.

AU - Rai, N.

AU - Knibbe, J. S.

AU - Berndt, J.

AU - Matveev, S.

AU - van Westrenen, W.

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - We present 275 new metal-silicate partition coefficients for P, S, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Ge, Mo, and W obtained at moderate P (1.5 GPa) and high T (1683–1883 K). We investigate the effect of silicate melt composition using four end member silicate melt compositions. We identify possible silicate melt dependencies of the metal-silicate partitioning of lower valence elements Ni, Ge and V, elements that are usually assumed to remain unaffected by changes in silicate melt composition. Results for the other elements are consistent with the dependence of their metal-silicate partition coefficients on the individual major oxide components of the silicate melt composition suggested by recently reported parameterizations and theoretical considerations. Using multiple linear regression, we parameterize compiled metal-silicate partitioning results including our new data and report revised expressions that predict their metal-silicate partitioning behavior as a function of P-T-X-fO2. We apply these results to constrain the conditions that prevailed during core formation in the angrite parent body (APB). Our results suggest the siderophile element depletions in angrite meteorites are consistent with a CV bulk composition and constrain APB core formation to have occurred at mildly reducing conditions of 1.4 ± 0.5 log units below the iron-wüstite buffer (ΔIW), corresponding to a APB core mass of 18 ± 11%. The core mass range is constrained to 21 ± 8 mass% if light elements (S and/or C) are assumed to reside in the APB core. Incorporation of light elements in the APB core does not yield significantly different redox states for APB core-mantle differentiation. The inferred redox state is in excellent agreement with independent fO2 estimates recorded by pyroxene and olivine in angrites.

AB - We present 275 new metal-silicate partition coefficients for P, S, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Ge, Mo, and W obtained at moderate P (1.5 GPa) and high T (1683–1883 K). We investigate the effect of silicate melt composition using four end member silicate melt compositions. We identify possible silicate melt dependencies of the metal-silicate partitioning of lower valence elements Ni, Ge and V, elements that are usually assumed to remain unaffected by changes in silicate melt composition. Results for the other elements are consistent with the dependence of their metal-silicate partition coefficients on the individual major oxide components of the silicate melt composition suggested by recently reported parameterizations and theoretical considerations. Using multiple linear regression, we parameterize compiled metal-silicate partitioning results including our new data and report revised expressions that predict their metal-silicate partitioning behavior as a function of P-T-X-fO2. We apply these results to constrain the conditions that prevailed during core formation in the angrite parent body (APB). Our results suggest the siderophile element depletions in angrite meteorites are consistent with a CV bulk composition and constrain APB core formation to have occurred at mildly reducing conditions of 1.4 ± 0.5 log units below the iron-wüstite buffer (ΔIW), corresponding to a APB core mass of 18 ± 11%. The core mass range is constrained to 21 ± 8 mass% if light elements (S and/or C) are assumed to reside in the APB core. Incorporation of light elements in the APB core does not yield significantly different redox states for APB core-mantle differentiation. The inferred redox state is in excellent agreement with independent fO2 estimates recorded by pyroxene and olivine in angrites.

KW - Accretion

KW - Angrite

KW - Core

KW - Metal

KW - Siderophile

KW - Silicate

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U2 - 10.1016/j.gca.2017.05.034

DO - 10.1016/j.gca.2017.05.034

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SP - 62

EP - 83

JO - Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

JF - Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

SN - 0016-7037

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