The Effects of a Multicomponent Dyadic Intervention With Physical Exercise on the Cognitive Functioning of People With Dementia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Anna Eva Prick*, Jacomine De Lange, Erik Scherder, Jos Twisk, Anne Margriet Pot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the effects of a multicomponent dyadic intervention on the cognitive functioning of people with dementia living at home in a randomized controlled trial. People with dementia and their family caregivers (n = 111) were randomly assigned to 8 home-based sessions including physical exercise and support or a minimal intervention consisting of monthly written information bulletins and monthly phone calls. Memory, executive functioning (EF), and attention were assessed at baseline, and after 3 (postmeasurement) and 6 months (follow-up). Data were analyzed by using generalized estimating equations (GEE). A small, significant effect was found on attention. No effects were found on memory and EF. Finding only a small significant effect might be explained by the ineffectiveness of the intervention, but also by moderate treatment adherence or a lack of room for improvement because half of the people with dementia were already receiving care in a day care facility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-552
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Funding

The authors would like to thank the participants and their caregivers for their time and goodwill participating in the study and we would like to thank all research assistants who contributed to the study. This study was funded by the Dutch Health Insurers Innovation Foundation. Trial registration: Dutch trial register: NTR1802, registration date May 6, 2009.

FundersFunder number
Dutch Health Insurers Innovation Foundation

    Keywords

    • Activities
    • Prevention
    • Workforce

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