The epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital in rat and man

N P Vermeulen, B H Bakker, D Eylers, D D Breimer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

1. In urine of rats given vinylbital (5-vinyl-5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid) i.p., unchanged vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite, 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid, were identified. Rats synthetic 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital excreted the same compound as a major metabolite. No unchanged epoxide, nor 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital, could be identified in the urine of rats treated with vinylbital or its epoxide. 2. Attempts to synthesize 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital from 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital by acidic hydrolysis revealed that this possible metabolite decomposes readily to 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid by a 'retro-aldol type' reaction. 3. In rat liver microsomal preparation 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital is readily hydrated by epoxide hydratase, but this reaction is almost completely inhibited by 0.8 mM 1,1,1-trichloropropene-2,3-oxide (TCPO). This finding and the identification of 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid as end-product of this enzyme reaction provides further evidence for the existence of an epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital. 4. Vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite are excreted in 36 h urine of rats treated with vinylbital, to an extent of 0.6 +/- 1.7% of the dose (n = 5), respectively. Upon administration of 1',2-epoxyvinylbital, 59.8 +/- 14.2% of the dose (n = 5) was excreted as 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid. 5. In 60 h urine of three human volunteers who had taken 150 mg of vinylbital orally, 2.6 +/- 1.7% of the dose was excreted as vinylbitaland 11.0 +/- 4.1% as 5-(1'-methylbutyl) barbituric acid, illustrating that also in humans the epoxide-diol pathway plays a role in the metabolism of vinylbital.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-68
Number of pages10
JournalXenobiotica
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1980

Fingerprint

Epoxy Compounds
Metabolism
Rats
Metabolites
Urine
Trichloroepoxypropane
Epoxide Hydrolases
butylvinal
Liver
Volunteers
Hydrolysis
barbituric acid
Enzymes

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Barbiturates
  • Chromatography, Gas
  • Epoxide Hydrolases
  • Epoxy Compounds
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microsomes, Liver
  • Rats
  • Vinyl Compounds
  • Journal Article

Cite this

Vermeulen, N P ; Bakker, B H ; Eylers, D ; Breimer, D D. / The epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital in rat and man. In: Xenobiotica. 1980 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 159-68.
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abstract = "1. In urine of rats given vinylbital (5-vinyl-5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid) i.p., unchanged vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite, 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid, were identified. Rats synthetic 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital excreted the same compound as a major metabolite. No unchanged epoxide, nor 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital, could be identified in the urine of rats treated with vinylbital or its epoxide. 2. Attempts to synthesize 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital from 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital by acidic hydrolysis revealed that this possible metabolite decomposes readily to 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid by a 'retro-aldol type' reaction. 3. In rat liver microsomal preparation 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital is readily hydrated by epoxide hydratase, but this reaction is almost completely inhibited by 0.8 mM 1,1,1-trichloropropene-2,3-oxide (TCPO). This finding and the identification of 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid as end-product of this enzyme reaction provides further evidence for the existence of an epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital. 4. Vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite are excreted in 36 h urine of rats treated with vinylbital, to an extent of 0.6 +/- 1.7{\%} of the dose (n = 5), respectively. Upon administration of 1',2-epoxyvinylbital, 59.8 +/- 14.2{\%} of the dose (n = 5) was excreted as 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid. 5. In 60 h urine of three human volunteers who had taken 150 mg of vinylbital orally, 2.6 +/- 1.7{\%} of the dose was excreted as vinylbitaland 11.0 +/- 4.1{\%} as 5-(1'-methylbutyl) barbituric acid, illustrating that also in humans the epoxide-diol pathway plays a role in the metabolism of vinylbital.",
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The epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital in rat and man. / Vermeulen, N P; Bakker, B H; Eylers, D; Breimer, D D.

In: Xenobiotica, Vol. 10, No. 3, 03.1980, p. 159-68.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital in rat and man

AU - Vermeulen, N P

AU - Bakker, B H

AU - Eylers, D

AU - Breimer, D D

PY - 1980/3

Y1 - 1980/3

N2 - 1. In urine of rats given vinylbital (5-vinyl-5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid) i.p., unchanged vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite, 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid, were identified. Rats synthetic 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital excreted the same compound as a major metabolite. No unchanged epoxide, nor 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital, could be identified in the urine of rats treated with vinylbital or its epoxide. 2. Attempts to synthesize 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital from 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital by acidic hydrolysis revealed that this possible metabolite decomposes readily to 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid by a 'retro-aldol type' reaction. 3. In rat liver microsomal preparation 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital is readily hydrated by epoxide hydratase, but this reaction is almost completely inhibited by 0.8 mM 1,1,1-trichloropropene-2,3-oxide (TCPO). This finding and the identification of 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid as end-product of this enzyme reaction provides further evidence for the existence of an epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital. 4. Vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite are excreted in 36 h urine of rats treated with vinylbital, to an extent of 0.6 +/- 1.7% of the dose (n = 5), respectively. Upon administration of 1',2-epoxyvinylbital, 59.8 +/- 14.2% of the dose (n = 5) was excreted as 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid. 5. In 60 h urine of three human volunteers who had taken 150 mg of vinylbital orally, 2.6 +/- 1.7% of the dose was excreted as vinylbitaland 11.0 +/- 4.1% as 5-(1'-methylbutyl) barbituric acid, illustrating that also in humans the epoxide-diol pathway plays a role in the metabolism of vinylbital.

AB - 1. In urine of rats given vinylbital (5-vinyl-5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid) i.p., unchanged vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite, 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid, were identified. Rats synthetic 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital excreted the same compound as a major metabolite. No unchanged epoxide, nor 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital, could be identified in the urine of rats treated with vinylbital or its epoxide. 2. Attempts to synthesize 1',2'-dihydroxyvinylbital from 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital by acidic hydrolysis revealed that this possible metabolite decomposes readily to 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid by a 'retro-aldol type' reaction. 3. In rat liver microsomal preparation 1',2'-epoxyvinylbital is readily hydrated by epoxide hydratase, but this reaction is almost completely inhibited by 0.8 mM 1,1,1-trichloropropene-2,3-oxide (TCPO). This finding and the identification of 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid as end-product of this enzyme reaction provides further evidence for the existence of an epoxide-diol pathway in the metabolism of vinylbital. 4. Vinylbital and its devinylated metabolite are excreted in 36 h urine of rats treated with vinylbital, to an extent of 0.6 +/- 1.7% of the dose (n = 5), respectively. Upon administration of 1',2-epoxyvinylbital, 59.8 +/- 14.2% of the dose (n = 5) was excreted as 5-(1'-methylbutyl)barbituric acid. 5. In 60 h urine of three human volunteers who had taken 150 mg of vinylbital orally, 2.6 +/- 1.7% of the dose was excreted as vinylbitaland 11.0 +/- 4.1% as 5-(1'-methylbutyl) barbituric acid, illustrating that also in humans the epoxide-diol pathway plays a role in the metabolism of vinylbital.

KW - Animals

KW - Barbiturates

KW - Chromatography, Gas

KW - Epoxide Hydrolases

KW - Epoxy Compounds

KW - Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Microsomes, Liver

KW - Rats

KW - Vinyl Compounds

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.3109/00498258009033742

DO - 10.3109/00498258009033742

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 159

EP - 168

JO - Xenobiotica

JF - Xenobiotica

SN - 0049-8254

IS - 3

ER -