Based on the operatorial formulation of perturbation theory, the dynamical properties of a Frenkel exciton coupled with a thermal phonon bath on a star graph are studied. Within this method, the dynamics is governed by an effective Hamiltonian which accounts for exciton–phonon entanglement. The exciton is dressed by a virtual phonon cloud, whereas the phonons are dressed by virtual excitonic transitions. Special attention is paid to the description of the coherence of a qubit state initially located on the central node of the graph. Within the nonadiabatic weak coupling limit, it is shown that several timescales govern the coherence dynamics. In the short time limit, the coherence behaves as if the exciton was insensitive to the phonon bath. Then, quantum decoherence takes place, this decoherence being enhanced by the size of the graph and by temperature. However, the coherence does not vanish in the long time limit. Instead, it exhibits incomplete revivals that occur periodically at specific revival times and it shows almost exact recurrences that take place at particular super-revival times, a singular behavior that has been corroborated by performing exact quantum calculations.
- Star graph