The expanding domestic role of Western armed forces and its implications

Jori Pascal Kalkman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The domestic roles of Western armed forces are expanding. Although there is broad academic agreement that this trend is widespread, research on its implications has been relatively scarce. Here, I examine three debates that have emerged in the wake of expanding domestic military roles. They include: discussion on the origins of this trend between functionalists and politically-oriented scholars; its implications for civilian control and civil rights; and its effects on military-police convergence. This is followed by a call for more research on how the expanding domestic roles of Western armed forces relate to domestic civil-military collaboration, the management of military organizations, military visibility and reputation, perceptions of new tasks within the military, and the scale of this trend. A concluding section makes a case for drawing more academic attention to this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20180052
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jan 2019


  • armed forces
  • domestic role
  • homeland security
  • military tasks


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