The expanding techniques of progress: Agricultural biotechnology and UN-REDD+

A.D. Dunlap

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This paper provides a comparative analysis of agricultural biotechnology and the United Nations program for reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). Despite the existing differences between the technical manipulation of biological systems and a conservation program aimed at reducing carbon and protecting forests, the two share commonalities in ideological origin, application, and values. Presented as positive developments, both seek to address large-scale issues such as global hunger and climate change, but while receiving national and international support they remain controversial issues. Both issues are critically assessed, beginning with a brief history, followed by the application of William Dugger's four invaluation processes: contamination, subordination, emulation, and mystification. This approach unravels the subtle social power of state and market forces that seek to control genetic material and forest frontiers as new outlets for growth and investment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-112
JournalReview of Social Economy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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