The future of quantum biology

Adriana Marais, Betony Adams, Andrew K. Ringsmuth, Marco Ferretti, J. Michael Gruber, Ruud Hendrikx, Maria Schuld, Samuel L. Smith, Ilya Sinayskiy, Tjaart P.J. Krüger, Francesco Petruccione, Rienk van Grondelle

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Biological systems are dynamical, constantly exchanging energy and matter with the environment in order to maintain the non-equilibrium state synonymous with living. Developments in observational techniques have allowed us to study biological dynamics on increasingly small scales. Such studies have revealed evidence of quantum mechanical effects, which cannot be accounted for by classical physics, in a range of biological processes. Quantum biology is the study of such processes, and here we provide an outline of the current state of the field, as well as insights into future directions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20180640
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Royal Society. Interface
Issue number148
Early online date14 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018


  • artificial photosynthesis
  • charge transfer
  • enzyme catalysis
  • light harvesting
  • quantum technology
  • sensing


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