The Genetics of Alcohol Dependence: Twin and SNP-Based Heritability, and Genome-Wide Association Study Based on AUDIT Scores

H. Mbarek, Y. Milaneschi, I.O. Fedko, J.J. Hottenga, M.H.M. de Moor, R. Jansen, J. Gelernter, R. Sherva, G. Willemsen, D.I. Boomsma, B.W.J.H. Penninx, J.M. Vink

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Alcohol dependence (AD) is among the most common and costly public health problems contributing to morbidity and mortality throughout the world. In this study, we investigate the genetic basis of AD in a Dutch population using data from the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) and the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). The presence of AD was ascertained via the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) applying cut-offs with good specificity and sensitivity in identifying those at risk for AD. Twin-based heritability of AD-AUDIT was estimated using structural equation modeling of data in 7,694 MZ and DZ twin pairs. Variance in AD-AUDIT explained by all SNPs was estimated with genome-wide complex trait analysis (GCTA). A genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 7,842 subjects. GWAS SNP effect concordance analysis was performed between our GWAS and a recent AD GWAS using DSM-IV diagnosis. The twin-based heritability of AD-AUDIT was estimated at 60% (55-69%). GCTA showed that common SNPs jointly capture 33% (SE=0.12, P=0.002) of this heritability. In the GWAS, the top hits were positioned within four regions (4q31.1, 2p16.1, 6q25.1, 7p14.1) with the strongest association detected for rs55768019 (P=7.58×10
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-748
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Volume168
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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