The Germanic Europe cluster: Where employees have a voice

E. Szabo, F.C. Brodbeck, D.N. den Hartog, G. Reber, J. Weibler, R. Wunderer

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    This chapter describes characteristics of the Germanic Europe cluster which is, based on research conducted by the GLOBE project, comprised of Austria, Germany (former West), Germany (former East), The Netherlands, and Switzerland. Results are presented pertaining to societal culture and leadership. The data suggest that the current models of cooperation between "labor" and "capital" in place in all four countries are reflected in the way middle managers view their society and their ideal leadership images. Specific arrangements of industrial relations and a focus on co-determination and works councils lead to participative leadership and are the distinguishing factors of the Germanic Europe cluster. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)55-68
    JournalJournal of World Business
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


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