The (hidden) costs of employer parking policies

J.N. van Ommeren, D.J.C. Wentink

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


It has been argued that distortionary tax policies, which stipulate that employer parking is not taxed as a benefit in kind, as well as minimum parking requirements induce welfare losses. Using Dutch data, we show that current tax policies induce welfare losses of about 10% of employer parking resource costs. Hypothetical minimum parking requirements for employers, at levels currently applied in the United States, induce an additional deadweight loss of 18% of employer parking resource costs. © (2012) by the Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and the Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-978
JournalInternational Economic Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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