The impact of economic growth oriented development policies on landscape changes in Istanbul Province in Turkey

Serhat Cengiz, Erdoğan Atmiş, Sevgi Görmüş

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This study has been conducted based on the main question how urban policies focusing on economic growth and urban sprawl affect green areas and forests in the course of time. Its main goal is to assess the effects of Turkey's rapid urbanization policy on the green areas in Istanbul. The sub-goals of the study are: (i) To determine the land use and land change in 1984-2000–2017, (ii) To explain the ecological response of the pressure of land change on urban green areas and (iii) To discuss the urban and forestry policies accelerating change of land use. Physical data, socio-economic data and media news on urban policy, and other statistical data were used in the study. To determine the changes in inland use in Istanbul, satellite images of 1984, 2000 and 2017 as well as the DEM data for Istanbul from ASTER GDEM v2 were classified via Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS). The study has concluded that transformations in Istanbul's land forms occurred not individually, but connected to each other, and these changes might have different trends in different periods, yet these changes always occur in expanding urban areas. It has been numerically identified and interpreted that these changes evolved within the scope of unearned income and private benefits. It has been suggested that country's policies change towards social policies, which highlight ecology, as opposed to neoliberal policies, which highlight economy, to improve Turkey's green areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104086
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume87
Early online date17 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

development policy
urban policy
landscape change
economic development
economic growth
Turkey
Turkey (country)
forestry policy
land use
ASTER
social policy
statistical data
urbanization
digital elevation model
urban sprawl
urban area
forestry
income
Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
ecology

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Forest
  • Land use policy
  • Land use transition
  • Urbanization

Cite this

Cengiz, Serhat ; Atmiş, Erdoğan ; Görmüş, Sevgi. / The impact of economic growth oriented development policies on landscape changes in Istanbul Province in Turkey. In: Land Use Policy. 2019 ; Vol. 87. pp. 1-12.
@article{037aa9c316e545aabf17fb1ea2f5b8e8,
title = "The impact of economic growth oriented development policies on landscape changes in Istanbul Province in Turkey",
abstract = "This study has been conducted based on the main question how urban policies focusing on economic growth and urban sprawl affect green areas and forests in the course of time. Its main goal is to assess the effects of Turkey's rapid urbanization policy on the green areas in Istanbul. The sub-goals of the study are: (i) To determine the land use and land change in 1984-2000–2017, (ii) To explain the ecological response of the pressure of land change on urban green areas and (iii) To discuss the urban and forestry policies accelerating change of land use. Physical data, socio-economic data and media news on urban policy, and other statistical data were used in the study. To determine the changes in inland use in Istanbul, satellite images of 1984, 2000 and 2017 as well as the DEM data for Istanbul from ASTER GDEM v2 were classified via Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS). The study has concluded that transformations in Istanbul's land forms occurred not individually, but connected to each other, and these changes might have different trends in different periods, yet these changes always occur in expanding urban areas. It has been numerically identified and interpreted that these changes evolved within the scope of unearned income and private benefits. It has been suggested that country's policies change towards social policies, which highlight ecology, as opposed to neoliberal policies, which highlight economy, to improve Turkey's green areas.",
keywords = "Built environment, Forest, Land use policy, Land use transition, Urbanization",
author = "Serhat Cengiz and Erdoğan Atmiş and Sevgi G{\"o}rm{\"u}ş",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104086",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "Land Use Policy",
issn = "0264-8377",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

The impact of economic growth oriented development policies on landscape changes in Istanbul Province in Turkey. / Cengiz, Serhat; Atmiş, Erdoğan; Görmüş, Sevgi.

In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 87, 104086, 01.09.2019, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of economic growth oriented development policies on landscape changes in Istanbul Province in Turkey

AU - Cengiz, Serhat

AU - Atmiş, Erdoğan

AU - Görmüş, Sevgi

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - This study has been conducted based on the main question how urban policies focusing on economic growth and urban sprawl affect green areas and forests in the course of time. Its main goal is to assess the effects of Turkey's rapid urbanization policy on the green areas in Istanbul. The sub-goals of the study are: (i) To determine the land use and land change in 1984-2000–2017, (ii) To explain the ecological response of the pressure of land change on urban green areas and (iii) To discuss the urban and forestry policies accelerating change of land use. Physical data, socio-economic data and media news on urban policy, and other statistical data were used in the study. To determine the changes in inland use in Istanbul, satellite images of 1984, 2000 and 2017 as well as the DEM data for Istanbul from ASTER GDEM v2 were classified via Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS). The study has concluded that transformations in Istanbul's land forms occurred not individually, but connected to each other, and these changes might have different trends in different periods, yet these changes always occur in expanding urban areas. It has been numerically identified and interpreted that these changes evolved within the scope of unearned income and private benefits. It has been suggested that country's policies change towards social policies, which highlight ecology, as opposed to neoliberal policies, which highlight economy, to improve Turkey's green areas.

AB - This study has been conducted based on the main question how urban policies focusing on economic growth and urban sprawl affect green areas and forests in the course of time. Its main goal is to assess the effects of Turkey's rapid urbanization policy on the green areas in Istanbul. The sub-goals of the study are: (i) To determine the land use and land change in 1984-2000–2017, (ii) To explain the ecological response of the pressure of land change on urban green areas and (iii) To discuss the urban and forestry policies accelerating change of land use. Physical data, socio-economic data and media news on urban policy, and other statistical data were used in the study. To determine the changes in inland use in Istanbul, satellite images of 1984, 2000 and 2017 as well as the DEM data for Istanbul from ASTER GDEM v2 were classified via Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information System (GIS). The study has concluded that transformations in Istanbul's land forms occurred not individually, but connected to each other, and these changes might have different trends in different periods, yet these changes always occur in expanding urban areas. It has been numerically identified and interpreted that these changes evolved within the scope of unearned income and private benefits. It has been suggested that country's policies change towards social policies, which highlight ecology, as opposed to neoliberal policies, which highlight economy, to improve Turkey's green areas.

KW - Built environment

KW - Forest

KW - Land use policy

KW - Land use transition

KW - Urbanization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068939493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068939493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104086

DO - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104086

M3 - Article

VL - 87

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Land Use Policy

JF - Land Use Policy

SN - 0264-8377

M1 - 104086

ER -