The isotopic signature of planktonic foraminifera from the NE Atlantic surface sediments: implications for the reconstruction of past oceanic conditions.

G.M. Ganssen, D. Kroon

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The stable isotope compositions of the planktonic foraminifera Globigerina bulloides, Globigerinoides ruber (white and pink varieties), Globigerinoides trilobus, Globorotalia inflata and Globorotalia truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling types) were examined as recorders of North Atlantic surface water properties based on 40 box-core surface sediments between 60°and 30°N. While G. ruber (white and pink varieties) and G. trilobus mainly reflect summer surface water conditions in their oxygen isotope composition, G. bulloides reflects temperatures of the northward-migrating spring bloom, February-March in the south to May-June in the north. Our data show that G. bulloides cannot be regarded as an indicator for summer temperatures as deduced from Duplessy et al.'s data. Gt. inflata and Gt. truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling) build their shells in the coldest waters compared with the other species and reflect temperatures between 100 and 400 m water depth. The difference in oxygen isotope composition between G. bulloides and G. inflata serves as a proxy for water mass stratification. G. bulloides is the only species that gives a distinct pattern in its carbon isotopic composition showing a high correlation with the surface water phosphate values along the transect and may serve as a proxy for palaeonutrients and/or productivity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-699
JournalJournal of the Geological Society (London)
Volume157
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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planktonic foraminifera
surface water
oxygen isotope
sediment
temperature
summer
cold water
water mass
water depth
algal bloom
stable isotope
stratification
isotopic composition
transect
phosphate
shell
productivity
carbon

Cite this

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title = "The isotopic signature of planktonic foraminifera from the NE Atlantic surface sediments: implications for the reconstruction of past oceanic conditions.",
abstract = "The stable isotope compositions of the planktonic foraminifera Globigerina bulloides, Globigerinoides ruber (white and pink varieties), Globigerinoides trilobus, Globorotalia inflata and Globorotalia truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling types) were examined as recorders of North Atlantic surface water properties based on 40 box-core surface sediments between 60°and 30°N. While G. ruber (white and pink varieties) and G. trilobus mainly reflect summer surface water conditions in their oxygen isotope composition, G. bulloides reflects temperatures of the northward-migrating spring bloom, February-March in the south to May-June in the north. Our data show that G. bulloides cannot be regarded as an indicator for summer temperatures as deduced from Duplessy et al.'s data. Gt. inflata and Gt. truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling) build their shells in the coldest waters compared with the other species and reflect temperatures between 100 and 400 m water depth. The difference in oxygen isotope composition between G. bulloides and G. inflata serves as a proxy for water mass stratification. G. bulloides is the only species that gives a distinct pattern in its carbon isotopic composition showing a high correlation with the surface water phosphate values along the transect and may serve as a proxy for palaeonutrients and/or productivity.",
author = "G.M. Ganssen and D. Kroon",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1144/jgs.157.3.693",
language = "English",
volume = "157",
pages = "693--699",
journal = "Journal of the Geological Society (London)",
issn = "0016-7649",
publisher = "Geological Society of London",

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AU - Ganssen, G.M.

AU - Kroon, D.

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N2 - The stable isotope compositions of the planktonic foraminifera Globigerina bulloides, Globigerinoides ruber (white and pink varieties), Globigerinoides trilobus, Globorotalia inflata and Globorotalia truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling types) were examined as recorders of North Atlantic surface water properties based on 40 box-core surface sediments between 60°and 30°N. While G. ruber (white and pink varieties) and G. trilobus mainly reflect summer surface water conditions in their oxygen isotope composition, G. bulloides reflects temperatures of the northward-migrating spring bloom, February-March in the south to May-June in the north. Our data show that G. bulloides cannot be regarded as an indicator for summer temperatures as deduced from Duplessy et al.'s data. Gt. inflata and Gt. truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling) build their shells in the coldest waters compared with the other species and reflect temperatures between 100 and 400 m water depth. The difference in oxygen isotope composition between G. bulloides and G. inflata serves as a proxy for water mass stratification. G. bulloides is the only species that gives a distinct pattern in its carbon isotopic composition showing a high correlation with the surface water phosphate values along the transect and may serve as a proxy for palaeonutrients and/or productivity.

AB - The stable isotope compositions of the planktonic foraminifera Globigerina bulloides, Globigerinoides ruber (white and pink varieties), Globigerinoides trilobus, Globorotalia inflata and Globorotalia truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling types) were examined as recorders of North Atlantic surface water properties based on 40 box-core surface sediments between 60°and 30°N. While G. ruber (white and pink varieties) and G. trilobus mainly reflect summer surface water conditions in their oxygen isotope composition, G. bulloides reflects temperatures of the northward-migrating spring bloom, February-March in the south to May-June in the north. Our data show that G. bulloides cannot be regarded as an indicator for summer temperatures as deduced from Duplessy et al.'s data. Gt. inflata and Gt. truncatulinoides (right- and left-coiling) build their shells in the coldest waters compared with the other species and reflect temperatures between 100 and 400 m water depth. The difference in oxygen isotope composition between G. bulloides and G. inflata serves as a proxy for water mass stratification. G. bulloides is the only species that gives a distinct pattern in its carbon isotopic composition showing a high correlation with the surface water phosphate values along the transect and may serve as a proxy for palaeonutrients and/or productivity.

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