The Japanese Workplace PERMA-Profiler: A validation study among Japanese workers

Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami, Toru Shiotani, Hidehiko Adachi, Kaori Matsumoto, Kotaro Imamura, Kei Matsumoto, Fumino Yamagami, Ayumi Fusejima, Tomoko Muraoka, Tomomitsu Kagami, Akihito Shimazu, Margaret L Kern

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


OBJECTIVES: Although well-being at work is important for occupational health, multi-dimensional workplace well-being measures do not exist for Japanese workers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the Japanese version of the Workplace PERMA-Profiler.

METHODS: Japanese workers completed online surveys at baseline (N = 310) and 1 month later (N = 100). The Workplace PERMA-Profiler was translated according to international guidelines. Job and life satisfaction, work engagement, psychological distress, work-related psychosocial factors, and work performance were measured as comparisons for convergent validity. Cronbach's alphas, Intra-class Correlation Coefficients (ICCs), and measurement errors were calculated for the reliability, and the validity of the measure was tested by correlational analyses and confirmatory factor analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 310 (baseline) and 86 (follow-up) workers responded and were included in the analyses. Cronbach's alphas and ICCs of the Japanese Workplace PERMA-Profiler ranged from 0.75 to 0.96. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the 5-factor model demonstrated a marginally acceptable fit (χ2 (80) = 351.30, CFI = 0.892, TLI = 0.858, RMSEA = 0.105, SRMR = 0.051). Overall well-being and the five PERMA domains had moderate-to-strong correlations with job satisfaction, psychological distress (inversely), and work-related factors.

CONCLUSIONS: The Japanese version of the Workplace PERMA-Profiler demonstrated adequate reliability and validity. This measure could be useful to assess well-being at work, promote well-being research among Japanese workers, and address the problem of definition for well-being in further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-393
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of occupational health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2018


  • Adult
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Language
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Stress/psychology
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires/standards
  • Translations
  • Workplace/psychology


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