The Logic of Climate and Culture: Evolutionary and Psychological Aspects of CLASH

Paul A.M. Van Lange, Maria I. Rinderu, Brad J. Bushman

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Abstract

A total of 80 authors working in a variety of scientific disciplines commented on the theoretical model of CLimate, Aggression, and Self-control in Humans (CLASH). The commentaries cover a wide range of issues, including the logic and assumptions of CLASH, the evidence in support of CLASH, and other possible causes of aggression and violence (e.g., wealth, income inequality, political circumstances, historic circumstances, pathogen stress). Some commentaries also provide data relevant to CLASH. Here we clarify the logic and assumptions of CLASH and discusses its extensions and boundary conditions. We also offer suggestions for future research. Regardless of whether none, some, or all of CLASH is found to be true, we hope it will stimulate future research on the link between climate and human behavior. Climate is one of the most presing issues of our time.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere104
Pages (from-to)42-58
Number of pages17
JournalBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Volume40
Early online date11 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Funding

MARIA I. RINDERU has completed an M.Sc. degree in social psychology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. She went on to become a research assistant in the Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, where she is working on creating a multidisciplinary open-access database that incorporates the entire history of research on the topic of human cooperation. This is part of the ERC-funded project “Releasing Prisoners of the Paradigm: Understanding Cooperation across Contexts and in the Lab and Field.” BRAD J. BUSHMAN is a Professor of Communication and Psychology at The Ohio State University and a Professor of Communication Science at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. He is the author of about 200 peer-reviewed journal articles, mostly in the field of aggression and violence. He is a member of President Obama’s committee on gun violence. Following the Newtown shooting, he co-chaired a National Science Foundation subcommittee report on youth violence and testified before the U.S. Congress on that report. ACKNOWLEDGMENT Tomás Cabeza de Baca was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grant T32MH019391. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS G.O. was supported by the Hungarian Research Fund (NKFI PD 106027, 116686) and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Lendület Project LP2012-36). ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Dr. Van Voorhees was supported by a Career Development Award (No. 1KRX001298) from the Rehabilitation Research & Development Service of the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research & Development (VA ORD). Dr. Beckham was supported by Senior Research Career Scientist Award (No. 11S-RCS-009) from the Clinical Science Research and Development Service of the VA ORD. Dr. Kimbrel was supported by a Career Development Award (No. IK2CX000525) from the Clinical Science Research and Development Service of the VA ORD. This work was also supported by resources from the Durham VA Medical Center, the VA Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Academic Affiliations, and Duke University Medical Center. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the VA or the U.S. government.

FundersFunder number
Department of Experimental
ERC-funded
VA Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center
VA ORD11S-RCS-009
National Science Foundation
National Institute of Mental HealthT32MH019391
Office of Research and DevelopmentIK2CX000525
Rehabilitation Research and Development Service
U.S. Army
Ohio State University
Center for AIDS Research, Duke University
Health Services Research and Development
Boston Medical Center
Office of Academic Affiliations, Department of Veterans Affairs
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Magyar Tudományos AkadémiaLP2012-36
State Fund for Fundamental Research of Ukraine116686, NKFI PD 106027

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