The Low Biomass Yields of the Acetic Acid Bacterium Acetobacter pasteurianus Are Due to a Low Stoichiometry of Respiration-Coupled Proton Translocation

M.A. Luttik, R Van Spanning, D. Schipper, P.J. van Dijken, J T Pronk

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Growth energetics of the acetic acid bacterium Acetobacter pasteurianus were studied with aerobic, ethanol-limited chemostat cultures. In these cultures, production of acetate was negligible. Carbon limitation and energy limitation were also evident from the observation that biomass concentrations in the cultures were proportional to the concentration of ethanol in the reservoir media. Nevertheless, low concentrations of a few organic metabolites (glycolate, citrate, and mannitol) were detected in culture supernatants. From a series of chemostat cultures grown at different dilution rates, the maintenance energy requirements for ethanol and oxygen were estimated at 4.1 mmol of ethanol (middot) g of biomass(sup-1) (middot) h(sup-1) and 11.7 mmol of O(inf2) (middot) g of biomass(sup-1) (middot) h(sup-1), respectively. When biomass yields were corrected for these maintenance requirements, the Y(infmax) values on ethanol and oxygen were 13.1 g of biomass (middot) mol of ethanol(sup-1) and 5.6 g of biomass (middot) mol of O(inf2)(sup-1), respectively. These biomass yields are very low in comparison with those of other microorganisms grown under comparable conditions. To investigate whether the low growth efficiency of A. pasteurianus might be due to a low gain of metabolic energy from respiratory dissimilation, (symbl)H(sup+)/O stoichiometries were estimated during acetate oxidation by cell suspensions. These experiments indicated an (symbl)H(sup+)/O stoichiometry for acetate oxidation of 1.9 (plusmn) 0.1 mol of H(sup+)/mol of O. Theoretical calculations of growth energetics showed that this low (symbl)H(sup+)/O ratio adequately explained the low biomass yield of A. pasteurianus in ethanol-limited cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3345-51
Number of pages7
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume63
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1997

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Low Biomass Yields of the Acetic Acid Bacterium Acetobacter pasteurianus Are Due to a Low Stoichiometry of Respiration-Coupled Proton Translocation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this