The Main Dimensions of Sport Personality Traits: A Lexical Approach

Reinout E. De Vries*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


To uncover the main dimensions of sport personality traits, a lexical study was conducted. In the first two phases, 321 adjectives denoting the way somebody practices sports were selected. In the third phase, 555 respondents self-rated the adjectives. Congruence analyses provided evidence of six factors, five of which are sport personality trait factors (friendly fairness, resilience, drive, perfectionism, and inventiveness) plus one physical individual difference factor (agility). Marker scales from the sport personality trait factors show convergent correlations with the generic HEXACO personality obtained years earlier. Furthermore, meaningful relations with the six most frequently practiced sport and leisure activities were observed. Contextualized sport personality trait factors can be useful in research on sport preferences, sport behaviors, and sport outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2211
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2020


  • Big Five
  • lexical study
  • sport and leisure activities
  • sport personality traits


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