The Main Features and Underlying Causes of the Shift to Services

Tom Elfring*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article shows the main characteristics of the shift to services in seven advanced economies on the basis of sectoral changes in employment, expenditure, output, prices, and productivity. With the help of a new approach a quantitative estimate is made of the main factors contributing to the rising service sector employment share. It was found that for the period 1973–84 the relatively fast growth of intermediate and final demand for services was on average responsible for roughly half of the employment shift to services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-356
Number of pages20
JournalService Industries Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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