The problem of rape in India: a multi-dimensional analysis

Radha R. Sharma, Rupali Pardasani*, Sharda Nandram

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the problem of “Rape” in India from multiple perspectives and recommend measures for mitigating this crime from the country. Using the much highlighted incident of gang rape of a 23-year-old woman in Delhi, India on 16 December 2012, the paper analyses the behaviour of the various parties involved in the case with the help of some sociological and psychological theories. Design/methodology/approach – A structured investigation through the technique of root cause analysis was applied to the gang rape case of 16 December 2012 to identify the true cause of the problem of rape and suggest the actions necessary to eliminate such reoccurrences in future. Findings – The analysis of the problem of rape in general and the gang rape case in particular presented numerous causes for this problem. Considering the complexity of question the authors have presented a multi-dimensional response to this problem. Research limitations/implications – Due to the sensitive nature of subject matter under study this research paper is limited by use of secondary data to conduct root cause analysis. Social implications – Despite the fact that rape is regarded heinous and criminal in nature, the number and the level of inhumanity of this crime has been on a rise. Therefore, the subject matter is very important and topical. The paper makes theoretical and practical contribution on a least researched subject of crime against women in the form of rape. Many benefits could accrue from such multi-dimensional analysis of the rape case. A better understanding of the motivation behind the rape would probably result in taking measures to prevent the problem. Originality/value – Though multifarious views exist regarding rape and allied crimes, the studies are dispersed in nature and need a holistic integration to delve deeper into the causes and consequents of rape. This paper not only integrates diverse perspectives but also explores the multi-dimensional causes of the phenomenon of rape.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-379
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Managing Projects in Business
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender
  • Problem of rape


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