The prognosis of burnout and prolonged fatigue in the working population: A comparison

Stephanie S. Leone*, Marcus J.H. Huibers, J. André Knottnerus, IJmert Kant

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: To assess and compare prognostic factors for recovery in burnout and prolonged fatigue. Method: Baseline, 12-, 24-, and 48-month follow-up data from the Maastricht Cohort Study were used. Prolonged fatigue or burnout cases or both at baseline (n = 2356) were divided into three subgroups: "pure fatigue, " "pure burnout, " and "burnout & fatigue". Using logistic generalized estimating equation analysis, baseline predictors of recovery, including (mental) health, work, and demographic factors, were determined. Results: Selection variables predicted recovery across the subgroups. Health factors predicted recovery in the pure fatigue and burnout & fatigue subgroups. Differences in work factors emerged between the subgroups. Work factors especially predicted recovery in the pure burnout group. Conclusion: Differences emerged with respect to work and health factors which suggest the importance of differentiating between burnout and prolonged fatigue. This could provide valuable leads for intervention possibilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1195-1202
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008
Externally publishedYes


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