The Promotion of Secularization as a Counterterrorism Strategy to Religious Terrorism: A Case Study of Iraq

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The increasing importance of establishing an Islamic state (a Caliphate) among religious terrorist groups has drawn the attention of academics and policymakers towards the benefits and pitfalls of the promotion of secularization as a counterterrorism strategy. Based on the historical experiences of secularization and religionization in Iraq and its societal structures, combined with a literature review of recent developments in the region, this article discusses to what extent and how secularization may promote and/or frustrate religious terrorism in present day Iraq. It concludes that, apart from some radical elements, there seems to be ideological and political space in Iraq to consider taking a direction to a more secular system. This could reduce political tensions and subsequently frustrate religious terrorism. Implementing it in a proper model in which major religious groups feel equally represented, however, may prove to be very challenging.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-180
Number of pages37
JournalJournal for Deradicalization
Volume2019/20
Issue number21
Early online date27 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Fingerprint

secularization
Iraq
terrorism
promotion
religious group
present
experience

Keywords

  • Counterterrorism
  • Religious Terrorism
  • Radicalization
  • Secularization
  • Iraq

Cite this

@article{2e38ba901e034bd0b5bfbcf0284c0c48,
title = "The Promotion of Secularization as a Counterterrorism Strategy to Religious Terrorism: A Case Study of Iraq",
abstract = "The increasing importance of establishing an Islamic state (a Caliphate) among religious terrorist groups has drawn the attention of academics and policymakers towards the benefits and pitfalls of the promotion of secularization as a counterterrorism strategy. Based on the historical experiences of secularization and religionization in Iraq and its societal structures, combined with a literature review of recent developments in the region, this article discusses to what extent and how secularization may promote and/or frustrate religious terrorism in present day Iraq. It concludes that, apart from some radical elements, there seems to be ideological and political space in Iraq to consider taking a direction to a more secular system. This could reduce political tensions and subsequently frustrate religious terrorism. Implementing it in a proper model in which major religious groups feel equally represented, however, may prove to be very challenging.",
keywords = "Counterterrorism, Religious Terrorism, Radicalization, Secularization, Iraq",
author = "Mojtahedi, {Mohammad Hossein} and {van Wijk}, J.",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
language = "English",
volume = "2019/20",
pages = "144--180",
journal = "Journal for Deradicalization",
issn = "2363-9849",
publisher = "Journal for Deradicalization",
number = "21",

}

The Promotion of Secularization as a Counterterrorism Strategy to Religious Terrorism : A Case Study of Iraq. / Mojtahedi, Mohammad Hossein; van Wijk, J.

In: Journal for Deradicalization, Vol. 2019/20, No. 21, 12.2019, p. 144-180.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Promotion of Secularization as a Counterterrorism Strategy to Religious Terrorism

T2 - A Case Study of Iraq

AU - Mojtahedi, Mohammad Hossein

AU - van Wijk, J.

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - The increasing importance of establishing an Islamic state (a Caliphate) among religious terrorist groups has drawn the attention of academics and policymakers towards the benefits and pitfalls of the promotion of secularization as a counterterrorism strategy. Based on the historical experiences of secularization and religionization in Iraq and its societal structures, combined with a literature review of recent developments in the region, this article discusses to what extent and how secularization may promote and/or frustrate religious terrorism in present day Iraq. It concludes that, apart from some radical elements, there seems to be ideological and political space in Iraq to consider taking a direction to a more secular system. This could reduce political tensions and subsequently frustrate religious terrorism. Implementing it in a proper model in which major religious groups feel equally represented, however, may prove to be very challenging.

AB - The increasing importance of establishing an Islamic state (a Caliphate) among religious terrorist groups has drawn the attention of academics and policymakers towards the benefits and pitfalls of the promotion of secularization as a counterterrorism strategy. Based on the historical experiences of secularization and religionization in Iraq and its societal structures, combined with a literature review of recent developments in the region, this article discusses to what extent and how secularization may promote and/or frustrate religious terrorism in present day Iraq. It concludes that, apart from some radical elements, there seems to be ideological and political space in Iraq to consider taking a direction to a more secular system. This could reduce political tensions and subsequently frustrate religious terrorism. Implementing it in a proper model in which major religious groups feel equally represented, however, may prove to be very challenging.

KW - Counterterrorism

KW - Religious Terrorism

KW - Radicalization

KW - Secularization

KW - Iraq

M3 - Article

VL - 2019/20

SP - 144

EP - 180

JO - Journal for Deradicalization

JF - Journal for Deradicalization

SN - 2363-9849

IS - 21

ER -