The Scavenger Receptor Cysteine-Rich (SRCR) proteins are an archaic group of proteins characterized by the presence of multiple SRCR domains. They are membrane-bound or secreted proteins, which are generally related to host defense systems in animals. Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a SRCR protein which is secreted in mucosal fluids and involved in host defense by pathogen binding by its SRCR domains. Genetic polymorphism within DMBT1 leads to DMBT1-alleles giving rise to polypeptides with interindividually different numbers of SRCR domains, ranging from 8 SRCR domains (encoded by 6 kb DMBT1 variant) to 13 SRCR domains (encoded by the 8 kb DMBT1 variant). In the present study, we have investigated whether reduction from 13 to 8 amino-terminal SRCR domains leads to reduction of bacterial binding. The 6 kb variant bound ~20–45% less bacteria compared to the 8 kb variant. These results support the hypothesis that genetic variation in DMBT1 may influence microbial defense.