The seroprevalence of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies in bipolar families and bipolar twins: results from two longitudinal studies

G. Snijders, L. de Witte, E. Mesman, S. Kemner, R. Vonk, R. Brouwer, W.A. Nolen, H.A. Drexhage, M.H.J. Hillegers

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

© 2017, The Author(s).Background: Previous studies of our group among bipolar offspring and bipolar twins showed significant higher prevalence’s and levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Abs) in offspring and co-twins (without a mood disorder) compared to controls, suggesting that TPO-Abs might be considered as vulnerability factor (trait marker) for BD development. Objectives: Here we elucidate, in the same cohorts, but now after 12- and 6-year follow-up, whether TPO-abs should be considered as a ‘trait’ marker for BD. The present study aims to investigate whether TPO-Abs (1) are stable over time, (2) are associated with lithium-exposure, (3) share a common genetic background with BD and are related to psychopathology. Results: In bipolar offspring and twins, the prevalence of TPO-Abs is stable over time (rs = .72 p < .001 resp. rs = .82, p < .001) and not associated with lithium use. At follow-up, an increased prevalence of TPO-abs was again observed in bipolar offspring (10,4% versus 4%) and higher TPO-abs titers were still present in co-twins of bipolar cases compared to control twins [mean 1.06 IU/ml (SD.82) versus mean.82 IU/ml (SD.67)], although statistical significance was lost. Conclusions: Although our results show a trend toward an increased inherited risk of the co-occurrence of BD and thyroid autoimmunity, large-scale studies can only draw final conclusions. Nationwide epidemiological and GWAS studies reach such numbers and support the view of a possible common (autoimmune) etiology of severe mood disorders and chronic recurrent infections and autoimmunity, including thyroid autoimmunity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
JournalInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

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